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Glen T. Winstein

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GTJ Brooklyn 6a

  Timeline of JWs leaders in regard to human government, war, propaganda,
      and persecution (continued)
  Subservience unto pain of death

  Timeline of JWs leaders in regard to human government, war, propaganda,
      and persecution (continued)

  1937  JWs activities stopped in the Reich with a second wave of arrests in the
fall of 1937.

  (Compare 2007--date of authorship?  "Thus, the Witnesses never expressed sup-
port for the Nazi Party.  Moreover, in the exercise of religious freedom, they
did not intend to stop their public preaching.?Matthew 24:14; 28:19, 20.")

  1937  "Why the Nazis Weren?t Socialists" the myth of "The Good Hitler Years" Between
two wars  1937 Part 2 of 2 by TimeGhost History hosted by Indy Neidell (Feb.19, 2020)

  1938  "Stalin?s Paranoid Military Purges" "The Great Terror" Between two wars
1938 Part 4 of 4 by TimeGhost History hosted by Indy Neidell (March 18, 2020)

  1938  On February 4, Adolf Hitler created the Oberkommando der Wehrmacht (High
Command of the Armed Forces), giving him direct control of the German military,
and sacked political and military leaders considered unsympathetic to his philo-
sophy or policies.

    The Wehrmacht--the unified armed forces of Nazi Germany from 1935 to 1945
    "World War II: The Wehrmacht - Documentary | Second World War - Allies in Pacific,
    Germany & Italy" by Janson Media

  1938  On May 4, the JWs leaders' "Consolation" (not the German version) said:
"History never recorded a more systematic, efficient, devilish obliteration of
Jews than at present in Germany.?

  1938  March 12--Anschluss: German troops occupied Austria; annexation was de-
clared the following day.

  1938  July 6-13--the Évian Conference was initiated by Pres. Roosevelt.  Rep-
resentatives of 31 countries met to decide what to do about Jewish refugees.
Hitler offered to let them take the refugees.  But the only country that would
accept a substantial number was the Dominican Republic, which offered to accept
up to 100,000 refugees on generous terms.  In 1940, an agreement was signed and
Rafael Trujillo donated 26,000 acres (110 km2) of his properties for settle-
ments.  The first settlers arrived in May, 1940: only about 800 settlers came to
Sosúa and most later moved to the United States.

  1938  On September 29, the Munich agreement of German, Italian, British and
French leaders agreed to German demands regarding the annexation of Sudetenland.

                    Rutherford in Sydney, Australia

  1938  Here's the Rutherford record "Fascism or Freedom" made in New York on
Oct.2, 1938, with references to events that happened in Australia sometime
around Easter, 1938:

  .The first thing he says on it is that Jesus was resurrected exactly 1935 years
ago, which in 1938 would have been 3 AD.  That's usually put around 33 AD.  He
mistakenly gave the time of Jesus' birth as the time of his crucifixion.  (He
seems to be giving the speech he intended for Australia around the time of Eas-
ter, 1938.)

  He then makes his case of equating the clergy of Jesus' time (the Pharisees)
with Catholic and Protestant (anything Christian and non-Rutherford) clergy of
Rutherford's time--that all were/are a Satanic hierarchy, including fascists,
who've tried to keep people from learning God's truth about Jesus (via Ruther-
ford's stances).  Rutherford characterizes himself as like Jesus in his past/
present analogy in that his stances were honest but were met with persecution.

  Rutherford, on his recording, alleges that the Devil organized a world-wide
effort to stop his speech, lie about what it contained, and that he was told by
the newspaper official (not named) in charge at the Sydney Herald that Ruther-
ford's intended speech is entirely true but couldn't be printed because, regret-
tably, the "hierarchy's violent opposition" prevented it.

  According to the Adenaide Australia newspaper The Mail, Sat., April 23, 1938,
the Director-General of Posts and Telegraphs (Mr.H.P.Brown) banned Rutherford's
broadcast from Sydney because Brown wasn't supplied a copy of the script after a
three week period in which it could be provided and shown not to be objection-
able to the listeners.  A petition, with more than 10,000 signatures, protesting
Rutherford's broadcast was sent to the Postmaster-General.  The speech was
transmitted by telephone to the Tivoli Theatre in Adelaide but not broadcast be-
yond it.

  Whatever small percentage of those Rutherford accused who impeded Rutherford's
freedom of speech to some degree, I'd at least agree with them that Rutherford's
bid for one-in-the-world exclusiveness wasn't an honest difference of belief but
was a devisive flame war instigated by a scam artist for profit.  My feeling is
that some people in Australia clicked the Spam button on their E-mail, so to

  1938  On October 16, Winston Churchill, in a broadcast address to the United
States, condemned the Munich Agreement as a defeat and called upon America and
western Europe to prepare for armed resistance against Hitler.

  1938  (date?) "Those Jonadabs who now contemplate marriage, it would seem,
would do better if they wait a few years, until the fiery storm of Armageddon is
gone...."  (Compare that with the 1968 claim that the JWs leaders didn't succumb
to predicting Armageddon soon during WWII.)


  "The following statement, written by a Catholic priest of Berlin and published
in The German under date of May 29, 1938, is proof of the conspiracy between the
Papacy and the Hitler totalitarian government of Germany:

  "There is now one country on earth where the so-called 'Earnest Bible Stu-
dents' [Jehovah's witnesses] are forbidden.  That is Germany!  The dissolution
of the sect which, at that time, had found a strong foothold in Germany, did not
come to pass under Brüning [chancellor of the German Reich before Hitler], al-
though the Catholic Church in Brüning's time urged to have this done.  However,
the 'Most Catholic Chancellor' Brüning answered that he had no law which author-
ized him to dissolve the sect of the 'Earnest Bible Students'.

  "When Adolph Hitler had come to power and the German episcopate repeated their
request, Hitler said: 'These so-called "Earnest Bible Students" are trouble-
makers; they disturb the harmonious life amongst the Germans; I consider them
quacks; I do not tolerate that the German Catholics be besmirched in such a man-
ner by this American "Judge" Rutherford; I dissolve the "Earnest Bible Students"
in Germany; their property I dedicate to the people's welfare; I will have all
their literature confiscated.' Bravo!

  "However, the American episcopate, even Cardinal Mundelein, is not able to
have Rutherford's, books, in which the Catholic Church is slandered, to be taken
away from the book-market in the United States.!" ("Face the Facts," 1938)

  See the listing that's several listings from the end of those for 1933 for a
more balanced view of the Pope.

  1938  On November 9, the Kristallnacht began.  In Germany, the "night of bro-
ken glass" began as Nazi troops and sympathizers looted and burned Jewish busi-
nesses (the all night affair saw 7,500 Jewish businesses destroyed, 267 synago-
gues burned, 91 Jews killed, and at least 25,000 Jewish men arrested).

  Rutherford's Watchtowers in Germany began to criticize the treatment of Jewish
people by the German government.  By this time, the JWs movement had been off
the street since Sept., 1937 (see 1936).

  The Holocaust would go on to murder just under 6 million Jews.

  "Broader definitions include between 220,000 and 500,000 Romani, and the
200,000 disabled and mentally ill who were killed, because these groups were
also targeted for eradication. A broader definition still includes political and
religious dissenters, two to three million Soviet POWs, and 5,000 to 15,000 gay
men, bringing the death toll to nine million. This rises to 11 million if the
deaths of 1.8 to 2 million ethnic Poles are included. The broadest definition
would include 6 million Soviet civilians, raising the death toll to 17 million.
R.J. Rummel estimates the total democide death toll of Nazi Germany to be 21

  A list of those who assisted Jews during the Holocaust is at the next link.

  1939  Adolf Hitler was the Jan.2, 1939 Time magazine "Man of the Year" (as
most influential during the course of the year--the choice isn't always an ad-
mirable person) for 1938.,16641,19390102,00.html

  1939  On February 2, Hungary joined the Anti-Comintern Pact.

  1939  On March 3 in Bombay, Mohandas Gandhi began to fast in protest of the
autocratic rule in India.

  1939  On March 15, German troops occupied the remaining part of Bohemia and
Moravia; Czechoslovakia ceased to exist; the hostilities began that led to WWII.
The Ruthenian region of Czechoslavakia declared independence as Carpatho-

  1939  On March 22, Germany took Memel from Lithuania.

  1939  On May 22, Germany and Italy signed the Pact of Steel.

  1939  On June 4, the SS St. Louis, a ship carrying a cargo of 907 Jewish refu-
gees, was denied permission to land in Florida after already having been turned
away from Cuba.  Forced to return to Europe, most of its passengers later died
in Nazi concentration camps.

  1939  On July 4, the concentration camp Neuengamme became autonomous.

  1939  On July 6, the last remaining Jewish enterprises in Germany were closed.

  1939  "The abundance of Scriptural evidence, together with the physical facts
that have come to pass showing the fulfillment of prophecy, conclusively proves
that the time for the battle of the great day of God Almighty is very near and
that in that battle all of God's enemies shall be destroyed and the earth
cleared of wickedness, preparatory to the complete establishment of righteous-

  "At San Diego, California, there is a small piece of land, on which, in the
year 1929, there was built a house, which is called and known as Beth-Sarim.
The Hebrew words Beth Sarim mean "House of the Princes"; and the purpose of ac-
quiring that property and building the house was that there might be some tangi-
ble proof that there are those on earth today who fully believe God and Christ
Jesus and in His kingdom, and who believe that the faithful men of old will soon
be resurrected by the Lord, be back on earth, and take charge of the visible af-
fairs of earth.  The title to Beth-Sarim is vested in the WATCH TOWER BIBLE &
TRACT SOCIETY in trust, to be used by the president of the Society and his as-
sistants for the present, and thereafter to be for ever at the disposal of the
aforementioned princes on the earth."
  ("Salvation," Rutherford, 1939, pp.310,311) (Compare with the 1968 claim that
the JWs leaders didn't succumb to predicting Armageddon soon during WWII)

  1939  Rutherford used pretty brave words to send the followers out with from a
mansion in San Diego.  If anyone did attack San Diego, Beth Shan, "House of Se-
curity," built in 1939 as the companion mansion to Rutherford's mansion Beth
Sarim, had a bomb shelter or two for Rutherford to hide in:

  1939  On Sept.1, Germany invaded Poland which began the Second World War in
Europe.  On Sept.2, Danzig (now Gdansk, Poland) was annexed to Nazi Germany.
  1939  On September 3, France, Australia and the United Kingdom declared war on
Germany.  On September 4, Nepal declared war on Germany.  On September 5, the
United States declared its neutrality in the war.  On September 6, South Africa
declared war on Germany.  On September 10, Canada declared war on Germany.

  Phoney War (German: Sitzkrieg)--an eight-month period (Sept.3, 1939 to May 10,
  1940) at the start of World War II
    "Why Did The Allies Ignore The Early Signs Of Invasion? | Secrets of War |
    Timeline" by Timeline - World History Documentaries narratewd by Charlton Heston
  1939  On September 16, a Cease Fire ended the undeclared Border War between
the Soviet Union (and Mongolian allies) and Japan.  On September 17, the Soviet
Union invaded Poland then occupied eastern Polish territories.

  1939  On September 27, Warsaw surrendered to Germany; Modlin surrendered a day
later; the last Polish large operational unit surrendered near Kock eight days

  1939  On October 8, Germany annexed Western Poland.

  1939  On October 11, US President Franklin D. Roosevelt was presented with a
letter signed by Albert Einstein urging the United States to rapidly develop the
atomic bomb.

  1939  "Within many nations of the earth Jews are cruelly persecuted.  Is there
any good reason why any person should be persecuted merely because that person
is a Jew?  There is no just cause or excuse to persecute anyone.  There is no
reason or just cause for the persecution of the Jews.... The common people
amongst the Jews believed Jesus, and received Him gladly; but their religious
leaders rejected and persecuted Jesus.  The persecutors of Jesus were leaders of
religion, that is, the Pharisees, doctors of the law, who taught the Jewish peo-
ple.  The leaders of the Israelites, called "Pharisees" and "doctors", indulged
in the practice of religion... Jehovah God had caused His prophet to foretell
that such perseuction would come upon Jesus by that class of persons (Isaiah 53:
1-12).  This fact explains the cause for the persecution of the Jews, and from
what follows it will be seen that all perseuction is induced by the Devil...

  "The Jews suffer cruel persecution at the hands of those who practice religion
of one kind or another.  For instance, Hitler has his peculiar religion, which
is clearly the product of the Devil.  Christians in Germany and elsewhere in the
earth suffer persecution at the hands of religionists because Christians serve
God and publish His name and His kingdom.  All persons who desire righteousness
refuse to indulge in the persecution of others, regardless of what others may
believe.  While it is true that the Jews are not Christians, yet because that
nation and people once bore the name of Jehovah God, even though they were cast
away as a nation, they are still the objects of the Devil's hatred and he in-
duces their persecution as a further reproach to the name of the Almighty God.
No doubt many Jews do wrong, but that is no reason or excuse for their persecu-
tion.  The present generation of Jews are in no wise responsible for what the
Pharisees and others did nineteen centuries ago.  Because of their name the Dev-
il hates them and causes their cruel persecution." ("The Watchtower," Nov.15,
1939, pp.16-18, "Jews")

  Rutherford meant to include his followers among those persecuted and turn the
responsibility away from how he mishandled the situation and brought harm to his
followers.  As with Russell's teaching, the "religionists" he equated with the
Pharisees of the time of Jesus' ministry on Earth were the current leaders of
Christendom (meant disparagingly) whom he blamed for persecution of JWs.

  Rutherford intends the irony that the Jews who persecuted Christ were reli-
gionists (meant disparagingly--the Pharisees were the forerunners of modern Ju-
daism) and so are the leaders of Christendom, and that it was prophesized that
the Devil who motivated those Jewish leaders to persecute Jesus would motivate
the current Christendom leaders to persecute the Jews and the JWs.  He charac-
terized his leadership as creating no greater offense than by serving God.

  Actually, the anti-Semitic persecution was born of bigotry, Rutherford spread
bigotry about whatever non-Rutherford groups in contradiction to 1 Cor.10:32-11:
1 (see other sections of this article for other JWs leaders' contradictions with
scriptures), most Christians and Jews fought against the Nazis, most JWs were in
the U.S. and if anything were taught to try to talk converts out of fighting the
Nazis, and the first thing responsible for the imprisonment and deaths of JWs
wasn't Christendom but was Rutherford's foolish bungled prophet-playing culmin-
ating with a threat to Hitler on Oct.7, 1934 (see above).

  1939  "The Jesuits no doubt joined Hitler in his Jew-baiting and were de-
lighted to find a means of eliminating Jews rather than baptizing them as was
done in the glorious days of Inquisition... The facts will show that what really
has taken place is, the abrogation of German law and its replacement by Papal
laws.  These might be indicated as below:

  "(a) The resurrection of the old Papal laws in restraint of the Jew--reinsti-
tution of the ghetto, peculiar dress and systematic robbery...

  "(f) Merciless torture of 'heretics' and 'Jews'; among the former, [Pastor
Martin] Niemoeller and Jehovah's witnesses."  ("The Watchtower," Nov.29, 1939,
pp.7,8, "A Critical Review of Mein Kampf")

  Likewise, Rutherford blamed Catholic leaders instead of himself for getting
his followers hurt and even killed.

  1939  November 30, Soviet forces attacked Finland and reached the Mannerheim
Line, starting the Winter War.
  1940  On January 4, Luftwaffe General Hermann Goering assumed control of all
war industries in Germany.

  1940  Rutherford: "Religion is the worship and service of the Devil and his
associate demons....  Religion is the chief means that puts fear into the minds
of the people and leads them into the Devil's snare....  Truly then, as stated,
'religion is a snare and a racket,' employed to collect money from them under
false representations." ("The Watchtower," Jan.15, 1940, p.29)

  "Religion is a Snare and a Racket" was one of the 1939 recordings by Ruther-
ford.  Besides JWs being sent with this message (the devil uses big business,
government, and the major religions to do his work, that the leaders of Catholi-
cism are the harlot of Revelation, etc.) in sound cars and phonograph players,
JWs were sent to carry picket signs with this message to picket churches. ("Reli-
gion," Rutherford, 1940)

  The Rutherford record "Religion is a Snare and a Racket": Religion A Snare and Racket.mp3

  It's pretty transparent how Rutherford meant to artificially engineer his fol-
lowers to bond into an unfortunately "us verses them" overly-'centric peer

  "THE RULERS of all nations now see that disaster is near and that they are
done for unless some way of averting the calamity is found.  Filled with fear,
yet boasting of man's ability to avert disaster, with one accord they say: 'We
must have more religion, else our nation will perish.'  All nations have forgot-
ten God, and they give no heed to his Word.  All nations are against the THEO-
CRATIC GOVERNMENT.  They trust in man and in religion.  'Just any kind of reli-
gion,' they say, 'but some religion is indispensable.'  The prophecies of Al-
mighty God, the fulfillment of which now clearly appears from the physical
facts, show that the end of religion has come and with its end the complete
downfall of Satan's entire organization." ("Religion," Rutherford, p.336, 1940)

  (Compare that with the 1968 claim that the JWs leaders didn't succumb to pre-
dicting Armageddon soon during WWII.)

  "The Theocracy" (government run by God) "is at present administered by the
Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society, of which Judge Rutherford is the president
and general manager." ("Consolation," Sept.4, 1940, p.25)

  God (speaking of God), what a hambone.  Speaking of it being possible to has-
tily put faith in a man....

  On the plus side, Rutherford's effort to stir up fights for PR for his litera-
ture sales, with lawyers trying to get courts to understand Rutherford's follow-
ers deserved freedom of religion though Rutherford denied he led one, led to
some changes expanding freedom of speech, inadvertently doing someone other than
himself some good.

  On the minus side, his message of selfish leaders being insincere and phoney
to make money was ironic.  Besides the ways that's shown about his affected ex-
clusiveness elsewhere in this article, it's also shown in how his PR efforts in
this period went against Apostle Paul's teachings to spread the word without
giving offense to Greek or Jewish people, people of different cultures and reli-
gions, sacrificing selfish concerns to gain them to Christ (1 Cor.10:31-11:1).
It also shows the falsehood of recent JWs leaders' literature that characterizes
the followers of that time as doing the work of the Bible yet persecuted for no
understandable reason (as compared to doing it for a con man who saw money to be
made in a sales method that put his followers in the way of harm by having them
act like 'centric creeps).

  1940  On February 16, the British destroyer Cossack pursued the German
freighter Altmark into Jossingfjord in southwestern Norway, breaking interna-
tional law and provoking Norway`s entry to the war.  290 British sailors were
freed, and seven Germans killed.

  1940  On March 5, the members of the Soviet politburo: Stalin, Molotov, Lazar
Kaganovich, Mikhail Kalinin, Kliment Voroshilov and Lavrenty Beria, signed an
order, prepared by Beria, for the execution of 25,700 Polish intelligentsia, in-
cluding 14,700 Polish POWs.  The action was known as the Katyn massacre.

  1940  On March 12, the Soviet Union and Finland signed a peace treaty in Mos-
cow ending the Winter War.  Finns, along with the world at large, were shocked
by the harsh terms.

  1940  On March 18, Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini met at Brenner Pass in
the Alps and agreed to form an alliance against France and the United Kingdom.

  April 9 - WWII: Germany invaded Denmark and Norway in operation Weserübung.
The British campaign in Norway simultaneously commenced.

  1940  On May 10, the Battle of France began--German forces invaded Low Coun-
tries; neutral Iceland was invaded by the United Kingdom; and, with the resig-
nation of Neville Chamberlain, Winston Churchill became Prime Minister of the
United Kingdom.  On May 13, in his first address as Prime Minister, he told the
House of Commons, "I have nothing to offer you but blood, toil, tears, and

  1940  The May 15, 1940, issue of Consolation said: "Hitler is such a perfect
child of the Devil that these speeches and decisions flow through him like water
through a well-built sewer."

  1940  On May 20, German forces, under General Erwin Rommel, reached the En-
glish Channel.  The concentration and death camp Auschwitz-Birkenau opened in

  1940  On June 3, Franz Rademacher proposed the Madagascar Plan.

  1940  (date?) Rutherford's "Consolation" said: "There were 3,500,000 Jews in
Poland when Germany began its Blitzkrieg..., and if reports which reach the Wes-
tern world are correct their destruction seems well under way."  By 1946, "The
Golden Age" and "Consolation" had identified 60 prison and concentration camps.

  1940  On June 10, Italy declared war on France and the United Kingdom.  U.S.
President Franklin D. Roosevelt denounced Italy's actions with the "Stab in the
Back" speech from the graduation ceremonies of the University of Virginia.  Can-
ada declared war on Italy, Norway surrendered to German forces, and the French
government fled to Tours.  On June 12, 13,000 British and French troops surren-
dered to Field Marshal Erwin Rommel at St. Valery-en-Caux.

  1940  On June 14, the French government fled to Bordeaux.  Paris fell under
German occupation.  U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the Naval Expan-
sion Act into law which aimed to increase the United States Navy's tonnage by 11
%.  And a group of 728 Polish political prisoners from Tarnów became the first
residents of the Auschwitz concentration camp.

  1940  On June 17, Operation Ariel began.  Allied troops started to evacuate
France, following Germany's takeover of Paris and most of the nation.  Luftwaffe
Junkers 88 bomber sank British ship RMS Lancastria that was evacuating troops
from near Saint-Nazaire, France.  The death toll was over 2500.  Wartime censor-
ship prevented the story from going public.

  1940  On June 18, Winston Churchill spoke to the House of Commons: "...the
Battle of France is over. The Battle of Britain is about to begin."  General
Charles DeGaulle broadcasted from London calling on all French people to contin-
ue the fight against Nazi Germany: "France has lost a battle.  But France has
not lost the war."  On June 28, General Charles DeGaulle was officially recog-
nized by Britain as "Leader of all Free Frenchmen, wherever they may be."

  1940  On July 19, Adolf Hitler made a peace appeal to Britain in an address
to the Reichstag.  Lord Halifax, British foreign minister, flatly rejected Hit-
ler's peace terms in a broadcast reply on July 22.  On August 20, Winston
Churchill paid tribute in the House of Commons to the Royal Air Force: "Never
in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few."

  1940  (Date?)  The following excerpts from Rutherford's booklet "CONSPIRACY

  ...further indicate what caused the conflicts and fighting his JWs sound
trucks stirred up during the WWII era in a mostly Christian U.S.A..  Besides the
irony of Rutherford's pose of cursing anything that isn't clearly supported
scripturally, his message, emphasizing the damnation aspect of his exclusivist
pose, can be summed up this way:

  Rutherford taught his followers his customized definitions to go with his
pose: that "religion" was created by Satan soon after the last apostle died and
is in direct opposition to the Bible.  The Satanic religious and government al-
lies are "Many Jews, Catholics, and so-called 'Protestants,'" notably the Catho-
lic church, which he said "acts in full harmony and conjunction with the cruel
dictators, including Stalin, Hitler, Mussolini, and others of like political am-
bition.  The head of that great religious organization is the adviser and close
ally of Hitler, who has threatened to overrun all the democracies of the world."

  Generalizations should refer to what's mostly true, so Rutherford's words must
have seemed ironic to most of Rutherford's targets, most of whom fought against
Hitler, coming from someone who encouraged people not to defend anyone against

  Hitler made public statements of being Christian to promote his anti-Semitic
"positive Chrstianity," which failed.  Privately, he wasn't Christian.

    "Joseph Goebbels, for example, notes in a diary entry in 1939: 'The Führer
  is deeply religious, but deeply anti-Christian.  He regards Christianity as
  a symptom of decay.'  Albert Speer reports a similar statement: 'You see,
  it?s been our misfortune to have the wrong religion.  Why didn?t we have the
  religion of the Japanese, who regard sacrifice for the Fatherland as the
  highest good?  The Mohammedan religion too would have been much more com-
  patible to us than Christianity.  Why did it have to be Christianity with
  its meekness and flabbiness?'

    "In the Hossbach Memorandum Hitler is recorded as saying that 'only the
  disintegrating effect of Christianity, and the symptoms of age' were res-
  ponsible for the demise of the Roman empire.  In 1941, Hitler praised an
  anti-Christian tract from 362CE, Julian's Against the Galileans, saying 'I
  really hadn't known how clearly a man like Julian had judged Christians and
  Christianity, one must read this...'  He was reported to say that religion
  should die on its own accord."

  But most knew Hitler was an apostate from his public actions.

  Because of Stalin "tens of thousands of priests, monks and nuns were perse-
cuted and killed.  Over 100,000 were shot during the purges of 1937?1938."

   Mussolini "denounced socialists who were tolerant of religion, or who had
their children baptized.  He believed that science had proven there was no God,
and that the historical Jesus was ignorant and mad.  He considered religion a
disease of the psyche, and accused Christianity of promoting resignation and
cowardice.  Mussolini was an admirer of Friedrich Nietzsche. According to Denis
Mack Smith, 'In Nietzsche he found justification for his crusade against the
Christian virtues of humility, resignation, charity, and goodness.'  He valued
Nietzsche's concept of the superman, 'The supreme egoist who defied both God and
the masses, who despised egalitarianism and democracy, who believed in the weak-
est going to the wall and pushing them if they did not go fast enough.'

  "In 1938 Mussolini began reasserting his anti-clericalism.  He would sometimes
refer to himself as an 'outright disbeliever,' and once told his cabinet that
'Islam was perhaps a more effective religion than Christianity' and that the
'papacy was a malignant tumor in the body of Italy and must "be rooted out once
and for all," because there was no room in Rome for both the Pope and himself.'
He would publicly back down from these anti-clerical statements, but continued
making similar statements in private.

  "After his fall from power in 1943, Mussolini began speaking 'more about God
and the obligations of conscience,' although 'he still had little use for the
priests and sacraments of the Church,' despite his return to the Catholic faith.
By this time he was convinced of Pope Pius XI's earlier statements that he had
been 'sent by God to redeem society.'  He also began drawing parallels between
himself and Jesus Christ.  Mussolini's widow, Rachele, stated that her husband
had remained 'basically irreligious' until the later years of his life.  Musso-
lini was given a Catholic funeral in 1957."

  Rutherford's taught that "Christianity" was created by God and is just led by
Rutherford.  He taught that he was the spokeman of God's Theocracy on Earth, see
the 2nd listing for 1940, who was restoring the original church, one that disap-
peared too quick to leave any evidence in related history that it existed--see
the section on Russell on p.1a.

      "That which is called 'the Christian religion' is not Christian.  It is
    a religious practice carried on under the name of Christ, but which is in
    defiance of the law of Almighty God, and which gives honor to creatures
    rather than to Almighty God, and which deceives millions of sincere per-

      "After the days of the apostles a sincere body of men organized them-
    selves as Christians.  Thereafter subtly Satan, the chief of demons, in-
    duced men in that organization to advance and teach their views contrary
    to the Bible, and thereby they substituted religion for Christianity.
    Thereafter they taught the traditions of men.  That has been dubbed the
    'Christian organization', although entirely contrary to God's Word.

  Rutherford wrote about "Catholic Action" as a conspiracy by Catholics to rule
government.  Actually, in the 1800's, it was meant to encourage social action in
anti-clerical regimes.  In the U.S. around the time of WWII, it was actually
meant to combat communism and racial bigotry and provide charity.

  "Because the Christians in Germany refused to yield to such religious ceremon-
ies" as heiling Hitler and saluting the flag "thousands of them have been incar-
cerated in prison and many of them killed."  Rutherford again tried to turn the
blame for that away from the recklessly egotistical way he led them--see the
listings for Feb.9 and Oct.7, 1934, and Jan.9, 1935.

      "The Hierarchy and their allies who attempt to compel citizens to sa-
    lute the flag are willful violators of the law, denying them freedom of
    conscience freedom of speech, freedom of assembly, and freedom of wor-
    ship, which rights are guaranteed by the Constitution and for which the
    flag stands.  Such fanatical religionists are therefore the lawbreakers,
    and the righteous suffer at their hands."

  Rutherford's version of social activism was of a narrow ambition--to make a
case for the freedom of his followers to obey him as their theocratic spokeman,
which was mainly to do what he needed them to do to sell his literature--see the
section above on "The Watchtower outlooks on freedom of speech."

  If there's any honest modesty to admire in Rutherford here, it's if you can
manage to find it in that he underplays the matter in making out Christians as
being the only ones who would find his unfounded boastfulness and accusations
annoying.  It would be a decade before Ed Wood competed for his territory of
fictional entertainment.

  Eros the alien regarding people of earth: [with disgust] "Stronger.  You see?
You see?  Your stupid minds!  Stupid!  Stupid!"

  Rutherford accused those of "religion" of persecuting Rutherford and his fol-
lowers for no good reason:

      "Many Christians have been associated with religious organizations be-
    cause they did not know that religion is a snare.  When these honest and
    sincere ones learn the truth, they flee from religion and flee to God
    and Christ.  Jehovah's witnesses have no fight with any person because of
    his religious belief.

      "The proclamation of that message has greatly disturbed and angered the
    religious leaders and the dictators, and hence, as the work of Jehovah
    progresses in having this testimony concerning his name and kingdom de-
    clared, the opposers have increased in their hatred of Jehovah and in
    bitter persecution of his witnesses on the earth."

  But if you're going to send people around with sound trucks to lie about peo-
ple, damning practically everyone who listens to hell, especially as people who
tried to talk the Allies out of fighting the Nazis during WWII, you better have
more to back it up than an invisible early history and invisible substantiation
for forced points attested to by an invisible Jesus who talks through a guy who
keeps out of sight behind the security guards at his mansion, where he secretly
gets drunk.  Rutherford's sales PR incorporated an act that he was unable to
imagine that if he sent his followers door to door all over town triple damn
daring someone to belt them in the head, eventually they'd find someone to ac-
comodate them.

  This is a good example to contrast with what I mean by apostle Paul teaching
that Christians are to assimilate among the Jews and Gentiles, all kinds of peo-
ple, and hope to persuade (1 Cor.10:32-11:1).  You're not supposed to go with
'centric bombast and damnation ahead of you like Rutherford instigated from his
mansion in San Diego and getting the door to door followers to put it in other
people's faces to provoke them into conflicts and fights.  And since generaliza-
tions should refer to what's mostly true, this also basically shows what Ruther-
ford had his followers contribute during WWII instead of helping the Allies
fight off the Nazis, even in some safer pacifistic way, a point not lost on the general

      "When Jehovah's witnesses make known publicly that it is the purpose
    of God, in the near future, at the battle of Armageddon, to destroy all
    opposers of his kingdom, that message greatly disturbs and angers the
    dictators and their religious allies."

      "All the evidence now strongly points to the fact that Armageddon is
    very near and that soon we may witness Satan's defeat and the complete
    vindication of Jehovah's name.  That will mean the beginning of endless
    joy, peace and life to all creation that love righteousness and hate ini-

      "The signs of the times seem now to clearly show that God's due time to
    smite the enemy is very near."

  Rutherford wanted it known that very soon God would destroy everybody except
those who agreed with everything he said (the literal 144,000 and other JWs).

  (Compare that with the 1968 claim that the JWs leaders didn't succumb to pre-
dicting Armageddon soon during WWII.)

  1940  On November 5, Democrat incumbent Franklin D. Roosevelt defeated Repub-
lican challenger Wendell Willkie and became the United States' first third-term

  1940  On November 14, the city of Coventry in England was destroyed by 500
German Luftwaffe bombers (150,000 fire bombs, 503 tons of high explosives, 130
parachute mines leveled 60,000 of the city's 75,000 buildings; 568 people were
killed).  On November 16, in response to Germany leveling Coventry two days be-
fore, the Royal Air Force begins to bomb Hamburg (by war's end, 50,000 Hamburg
residents died from Allied attacks).  On December 29, the "Second Great Fire of
London"; Luftwaffe carried out massive incendiary bombing raid starting 1500
fires. Many famous buildings, including the Guildhall and Trinity House, were
either damaged or destroyed.

  1941  On January 20, Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes swore in US. President
Franklin D. Roosevelt for a third term.  This was Charles Evans Hughes last
swearing-in of Franklin D. Roosevelt.

  1941  On March 11, Lend Lease was enacted.  The USA supplied the UK (and British
Commonwealth), Free France, the Republic of China, and later the Soviet Union and other
Allied nations with food, oil, and materiel between 1941 and 1945.  This included war-
ships, warplanes, and other weaponry.  The aid was generally free although some hard-
ware (such as ships) were returned after the war.  In return, the USA was given leases
on army and naval bases in Allied territory during the war.  Canada operated a similar
smaller program called Mutual Aid.

  1941   On June 22, Hitler began Operation Barbarossa against the Soviet Union which
failed and, at great cost of human life, reversed the fortunes of the Third Reich.
(For example, Germany didn't attain the oil of the Caucasus.)

  "Feeding the Meatgrinder - The Red Army - WW2 Special" by World War Two (Sept.28,

  1941  On July 31, under instructions from Adolf Hitler, Nazi official Hermann
Göring, orders SS general Reinhard Heydrich to "submit to me as soon as possible
a general plan of the administrative material and financial measures necessary
for carrying out the desired final solution of the Jewish question."

  1941  On August 9, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill met at Argen-
tia, Newfoundland.  The Atlantic Charter was created as a result.

  1941  On August 18, Adolf Hitler ordered a temporary halt to Nazi Germany's
systematic euthanasia of mentally ill and handicapped due to protests.  However,
graduates of the T-4 Euthanasia Program were then transferred to concentration
camps, where they continued in their trade.

  1939 to 1945 The Battle of the Atlantic--USA notably Sept., 1941 onward
      "Battle Of The Atlantic | Secrets Of War (WWII Documentary) | Timeline" by
      Timeline - World History Documentaries

  Sept., 1941--The de Havilland DH.98 Mosquito is first flown in missions
  "The de Havilland Mosquito: Bandit Of The Air | Battlefield Mysteries | War Stories"

  1941  Regarding Dan.11: "Today (1941) 'the king of the north' is easily iden-
tified as being represented in the so-called 'Axis powers' composed of Greater
Germany, Italy, and the Roman Catholic Hierarchy, with chief offices at Vatican
City....  The Bible and historical facts plainly identify "the king of the
south" as the world ruling-power that claims the right to rule and rules in the
name of Democracy." ("The Watchtower," Sept.15, 1941, p.278)

  1941  Rutherford declares that we're living in "The remaining months before
Armageddon..." ("Consolation," Sept.15, 1941, p.288)

  1941  "A great famine is certain to afflict the many nations of the earth in
the very near future.  The United States is also in line for much suffering...."
"The United States is faced with world disaster now impending and about to
fall...." ("The Watchtower," Nov.15, 1941)

  1941  Rutherford's last book was called "Children," 1941.  "Cartons of Chil-
dren that had been deposited in The Arena were now opened...."

  "Receiving the gift, the marching children clasped it to them, not a toy or
plaything for idle pleasure, but the Lord's provided instrument for most
effective work in the remaining months before Armageddon." (The Watchtower,
9/15/41, page 288.)

  I get the picture of Rutherford writing that himself--that's the sad thing.
"Can I put in that the adults in the stands, with a mixture of sadness and joy,
strained to watch through their tears as the sun glinted off...."  "No, Joe--
shut up."

  "Armageddon is surely near, and during that time the Lord will clean off
the earth everything that offends and is disagreeable."  "We can well defer our
marriage until lasting peace comes to the earth.  Now we must add nothing to our
burdens, but be free and equipped to serve the Lord."  "Eunice, my decision is
made.  I shall shun politics, religion, and commerce, and I shall avoid the
cities."  "Our present duty is plain.  We must now be witnesses to the name of
Jehovah." ("Children" by Rutherford, Nov., 1941, p.366)

  (Compare the last several listings with the 1968 claim that the JWs leaders
didn't succumb to predicting Armageddon soon during WWII.)

  He's in the bedroom, now, he's out of control.  Everyone except people who
agree with everything he says hasn't been killed yet, but Rutherford is still
pitching for the idea.  Instead of taking one more belt to the head in Germany,
the JWs should have thrown this silly little bastard to the front of the door to
door line.

  1941  On Dec.7, the Japanese Navy launched a surprise attack consisting of two
full regiments on the United States fleet at Pearl Harbor, thus drawing the Uni-
ted States into World War II.  On Dec.8, the U.S., China, and the Netherlands
declared war on Japan.  Japan launched invasions in Hong Kong, Malaya, Manila,
and Singapore.
    "FDR Knew about Pearl Harbor?! - WW2 - Reading Comments" by World War Two (July 22,

  "The Code Breakers That Halted The Japanese Invasion | Secrets of War | Timeline"
by Timeline - World History Documentaries

  "Which Minor Country had the DEADLIEST & BRAVEST Soldiers of WW2?" by The Front
(Sept.17, 2020)

  "Why The Soviet Union's Overshadowed Atrocities of WW2 Must not be Forgotten" by
The Front (Nov.19, 2020)

  "Why Japan Got off Easy in WW2 - The HORRIBLE Atrocities of the Japanese Empire" by
The Front (June 6, 2021)
  "Japan's secret Unit 731 ? where biological warfare was conceived | RT Documentary"
by RT Documentary (Dec.25, 2020)
  (Undated)  "During the Second World War, Japanese soldiers carried out human
experiments on the Chinese and Koreans on different parts of the conquered
lands.  One of the most infamous troops carrying out such kind of experiments
was Unit 731."
  1941  On December 10, the British battleships HMS Prince of Wales and HMS Re-
pulse are sunk by Japanese aircraft in the South China Sea north of Singapore.
  1941  On December 11, Germany declared war on the United States.

  1941  On Dec.11, Germany and Italy declared war on the U.S.; the U.S. declared
war right back at them.

  1941  "Finishing Off the Jews in Austria." ("Consolation," Dec.10, 1941, p.27)

  Rutherford didn't like Hitler killing a lot of the Jews in Europe.  Then
again, look at the previous listing--he hoped God killed all of them soon.

  1941  "Nowhere in the prophecy does it appear that the 'king of the north',
that is, the 'Axis powers', shall be victorious in the present war between the
two 'kings', nor does the prophecy indicate that 'the king of the south' will
suffer defeat....  All nations composing 'the king of the south' become arbi-
trary and totalitarian....  All admit that regardless of the outcome of the
present war the nations will never return to the former method of rule." ("The
Watchtower," Dec.15, 1941, p.372)

  (Later, JWs leaders called communist Russia the King of the North, a stance
which got "prophetically, historically, and Biblically" screwed up when the
Soviet Union collapsed in Dec., 1991.) ("Pay Attention to Daniel's Prophecy!"
1999, pp.269-281,284; "The Watchtower," Nov. 1, 1993, p.19)

  1942  On January 1, the term "United Nations" was first officially used to de-
scribe the Allied pact. (See the listing for the fall of 1942 below.)

  1942  The Battle of Bataan from Jan.1 to April 9.

  1942  On Jan.8, the JWs president Rutherford passed away.  Nathan H. Knorr
soon took over as the JWs president.

  Left to right: Lyman Swingle, Sullivan, Grant Suiter, Hugo Reimer, Nathan Knorr, Fred Franz, and Milton Henshel

  Ernie Pyle

  1942  All official Watchtower literature began being written anonymously,
which has remained the case to the present.  ("Apocalypse Delayed" by M. James
Penton, 1985, p.78)

  1942  On February 19, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt issued United
States Executive Order 9066.  About 120,000 ethnic Japanese people were held in
internment camps.

  1942  On June 4 to 7, six months after Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor and one month
after the Battle of the Coral Sea, there was a major naval battle in the Pacific Theater
of World War II--the Battle of Midway.  The U.S. Navy under Admirals Chester W. Nimitz,
Frank J. Fletcher, and Raymond A. Spruance defeated an attacking fleet of the Imperial
Japanese Navy under Admirals Isoroku Yamamoto, Chuichi Nagumo, and Nobutake Kondo near
Midway Atoll, inflicting devastating damage on the Japanese fleet that rendered their
aircraft carriers irreparable.
  "145a - Midway, pt.1 - Clash of the Titans - June 5, 1942"
  "145c - Midway pt.2 - A New War? - WW2 - June 7, 1942"
  "Yamamoto: Midway Round Two? - World War Two - August 28, 1942" by World War Two
    (June 5 and 7, and Aug.28, 2021)

  1942  Aug.23 to Feb.2, 1943 The Battle Of Stalingrad (by TheUntoldPast July 8, 2021)

  1942  The Nazis use eugenics "very much like the breeding and raising of live-
stock" and "demons, not men" do that. ("Consolation," Oct.28, 1942, p.12)  Com-
pare Nov.12, 1930.

  1942  In the fall of 1942, Nathan Knorr made a speech which served as the
basis for the booklet "Peace--Can It Last?"  Page 21 contains the claims that
"The association of worldly nations will rise again" and "ascend out of the
abyss" "(Rev. 17:8) again after the end of the war?"  Later JWs leaders' litera-
ture has claimed Knorr made a successful prophesy in that the League of Nations,
which failed in preventing WWII, would arise again, which came true with the
formation of the United Nations.

  However, p.26 of the booklet shows Knorr also predicted that the peace to
come "will be very short-lived" and would lead to Armageddon.  Things didn't
turn out as his 1943 prophecy predicted, either (see below).  (Also compare this
with the 1968 claim that the JWs leaders didn't succumb to predicting Armageddon
soon during WWII.)  Various millenarian prophecy-believing Christians were say-
ing things similar to his idea of the return of something like the League of Na-
tions, even earlier than Knorr did.

  The idea of the United Nations appeared when Roosevelt and Churchill led twen-
ty-six nations, including the Soviet Union and China, in a "Declaration by Uni-
ted Nations" on Jan.1, 1942.

  According to the article at the first link below, "The declaration committed
the twenty-six not to cut separate peace deals with the Nazis and to subscribe
to the principles of the Atlantic Charter for the post-war world.  The Charter
provided the political basis for countering Nazi ideology; it caught the imagin-
ation of people around the world, including the young Nelson Mandela and other
anti-colonial activists."
  (See "The League of Nations and the United Nations in Prophetic Speculation"
by Carl Olof Jonnson at the 4th link below, and see 1944, 1945, 1999, and 2001.)

  1942  On October 29, leading clergymen and political figures in the United
Kingdom held a public meeting to register outrage over Nazi Germany's persecu-
tion of Jews.

  1942  "The Scriptures give good reason to believe that it shall be shortly be-
fore Armageddon breaks.  In this expectation the house at San Diego, California,
which house has been much publicized with malicious intent by the religious ene-
my, was built, in 1930, and named 'Beth Sarim,' meaning 'House of Princes.'  It
is now held in trust for the occupancy of those princes on their return.  The
most recent facts show that the religionists of this doomed world are gnashing
their teeth because of the testimony which that 'House of Princes' hears to the
new world.  To those religionists and their allies the return of those faithful
men of old to rule with judgment over the people shall not bring any pleasure.
But to the people whom the angels sang about, 'men of good will,' it shall be an
occasion for unbounded jubilation, and they shall rally to the side of those
princely representatives of the kingdom of heaven." ("The New World," 1942)
(Compare that with the 1968 claim that the JWs leaders didn't succumb to pre-
dicting Armageddon soon during WWII.)

  1943  After 1942, conditions improved for Jehovah?s Witnesses in concentration
camps.  SS leaders used female JWs for domestic help and child care though many
of them had lost the custody of their children.

  1943  (date?) JWs leader Knorr's "Consolation" said: "Whole nations like the
Greeks, Poles and Serbs are being exterminated systematically."

  1943  On January 15, the Japanese were driven off Guadalcanal.

  1943  On February 11, General Eisenhower was selected to command the allied
armies in Europe.

  General Dwight D. Eisenhower came from a JWs family.  I would think being a
General would get you disfellowshipped, though.  He kept a close relationship
with his mother anyway, who remained a JW--I say good for them.  His father
dropped out of the Bible students decades earlier over Russell's 1914-1915 sil-
liness.  Dwight became a Presbyterian in 1953.

  1943  On February 18, the Nazis arrested the members of the White Rose move-

  1943  On April 18, Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto, who oversaw major engagements including the
attack on Pearl Harbor and the Battle of Midway, was killed by Operation Vengeance.
  "The Secret Mission for Pearl Harbor Revenge - Operation Vengeance" by Dark Docs
(April 10, 2020)

  1943  From July 5 to August 23 German and Soviet forces engaged in the Battle of Kursk,
the last major offense by the Germans against the Eastern Front of Russia.

  1943  "The final war will come as a most sudden and complete surprise...."
"Nevertheless, the appearing of the 'desolating abomination in the holy place'
is an unerring proof that the unknown day and hour of the beginning of the final
war is dangerously near." ("The Truth Shall Make you Free, 1943, 1953) (Compare
that with the 1968 claim that the JWs leaders didn't succumb to predicting Arma-
geddon soon during WWII.)

  1943  "In fact, the prophecy does not disclose which one of these 'kings'
shall be victorious in the present war, but the opinion is here expressed that
neither one will have complete victory.  The end of the war will come about in a
manner somewhat different from what worldly prognosticators say.  What this part
of the prophecy does appear to mean is that, before the 'END', within the mean-
ing of the prophecy, all the nations, including those forming the 'king of the
south', will take on or become dictatorial governments."  ("The Watchtower,"
Aug.1, 1943, p.360)

  Mosaic law fans, grab your rocks.  OK, don't throw them, but could somebody
tell the babble of Knorrmandy to shut up?

  1944  On Feb.26, filming began for the propoganda film, "The Fuehrer Gives a
Village to the Jews" in Theresienstadt.

  1944  (date?) According to Rudolf Hoess, Commandant of Auschwitz, SS Chief
Heinrich Himmler often used the "fanatical faith" of Jehovah's Witnesses as an
example to his own SS troops.  In his view, SS men had to have the same "unshak-
able faith" in the National Socialist ideal and in Adolf Hitler that the Wit-
nesses had in Jehovah.  Only when all SS men believed as fanatically in their
own philosophy would Adolf Hitler's state be permanently secure.

  Hoess also described the faith and behavior of several female JWs who worked
as servants of SS officers in Auschwitz: "The strange thing was that all of them
were convinced that causing suffering to the Jews and killing them was justi-
fied, because their ancestors betrayed God." ("The Commandant of Auschwitz Tes-
tifies," Rudolf Franz Hoess, 1964)

  According to Michael Kater, the SS tried to categorize the JWs as a Jewish
organization to bring the persecution of the Jews to bear on JWs.  But Himmler,
in 1944, said the JWs were "intensely anti-Jewish."  And Rudolf Hoess, in Ausch-
witz, said JWs let Jews suffer and die "because their forefathers had once be-
trayed Jehovah."  However, Bruno Bettelheim said the JWs anti-Semitism "was a
mild one and took the form that they resented that the Jews denied the Godship
of Christ."  (Kater should have used a small "g" for the JWs view of Jesus.)
("Jehovah's Witnesses and the Third Reich: Sectarian Politics Under Persecu-
tion," James M. Penton. 2004, p.22.  Thanks to Google Book Search.)

  Bruno Bettelheim, a psychoanalyst and concentration camp survivor, described
the JWs as "very aloof and set apart from the social life of the camp." ("The
Informed Heart: Autonomy in a Mass Age," 1960, by Bruno Bettelheim)

  According to the "Encyclopedia of the Holocaust," the JWs in the Nazi prison
camps "refused to cooperate with other illegal political groups, to try to es-
cape or to rebel against the end the SS exploited this unusual behavior
of the 'Bible Students' for their own benefit.  For example, by the orders of
Heinrich Himmler, they were allowed to gather mushrooms and fruits outside the
camps, because there was no danger of them trying to run away or to attack mem-
bers of the SS.  As a result of this policy change by SS, the conditions of 'Bi-
ble Students' in the camps improved." (The "Encyclopedia of the Holocaust,"

  This is how they are described by a Jewish survivor of the concentration
camps: "In the camps in Poland they did not always behave according to their
teachings.  They served the cruel Nazi enemy very well with everything connected
to murdering the Jews."  ("Face to Face with Nazis?-fighters tell their story,"
published by the "Association of Invalids of War on Nazism" in cooperation with
"Yad Vashem")

  1944  The JWs leaders referred to the Allies, the United Nations: "one of the
most positive evidences that 'the kingdom of heaven is at hand' and that the end
of the world arrangement is now near.  Jesus foretold the setting up of that an-
ti-Christ organization." ("The Kingdom Is at Hand," 1944)  (See 1942, 1945,
1999, and 2001) (Compare that with the 1968 claim that the JWs leaders didn't
succumb to predicting Armageddon soon during WWII.)

  1944  On June 6, the Battle of Normandy, D-Day, began.

  June 23 to August 19, 1944  "Germany's Worst Defeat: Operation Bagration
Animated History"  by The Armchair Historian

  1944  On July 21, the Battle of Guam began.  Two American divisions fought for
a month to retake the island of Guam from the Japanese.

  1944  "2,000,000 Slain at Treblinka." ("Consolation," June 21, 1944, p.21)

  1944  On August 1, 1944, General Patton took command of the Third Army.

  1944  Sept.18 to 29 "Shermans vs Panthers: How Patton's Third Army Crushed Hitler's
Best Panzers? | Battle of Arracourt" by FactBytes (July 16, 2021)

  1944  On Nov.7, Franklin D. Roosevelt won reelection over Republican challeng-
er Thomas E. Dewey to become the only U.S. president to be elected to a fourth

  1944  In Nov., Japan began releasing fire balloons that carried bombs to the
United States.  A similar operation, which ended in Sept., been conducted by En-
gland to send balloons with bombs to Germany.

  1944  On Dec.16, Germany began the Ardennes offensive, later to become known
as the Battle of the Bulge.  (GTW note: that's where my uncle Russell Glen True

  1944  On Dec.22, Brigadier General Anthony C. McAuliffe, commander of the U.S.
forces defending Bastogne, refuses to accept demands for surrender by sending a
one-word reply to the German command: "Nuts!"

  1945  On Jan.16, Adolf Hitler moved into his underground bunker, the so-called
Führerbunker.  On January 17, Nazis began to evacuate from Auschwitz concentra-
tion camp.  (Undated): American troops crossed The Siegfried Line into Germany.

  1945  On Feb.4,  WWII: President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Prime Minister of the
United Kingdom Winston Churchill and Soviet leader Joseph Stalin began the Yalta
Conference (ended February 11).

  1945  In Feb., the Manila Massacre by the retreating Japanese army kills at
least 100,000 civilians.

  "Shot Down Over Japan - The Treatment of American Airmen" by War Stories with
Mark Felton
    "WW2 Japanese Military Brutality Explained" by War Stories with Mark Felton

  1945  On Feb.19, about 30,000 United States Marines landed on Iwo Jima start-
ing the battle.

  1945  "Terrible Plight of Hungarian Jews." ("Consolation," Feb.28, 1945, pp.

  1945  On April 12, United States President Franklin Delano Roosevelt (1933-
1945) died suddenly at Warm Springs, Georgia; Vice President Harry S. Truman
(1945-1953) became the 33rd President.  On April 28, Italian dictator Benito
Mussolini and his mistress, Clara Petacci, were executed by Italian partisans as
they attempted to flee the country.  Their bodies were then hung by their heels
in the public square of Milan.

  1945  On April 30, Adolf Hitler and his wife of one day, Eva Braun, committed
suicide as Red Army approached the Führerbunker in Berlin.  Karl Dönitz suc-
ceeded Hitler as President of Germany.  Joseph Goebbels succeeded Hitler as
Chancellor of Germany.  On May 1, Joseph Goebbels and his wife commit suicide
after killing their 6 children.  Karl Dönitz appoints Count Lutz Schwerin von
Krosigk as the new Chancellor of Germany.

  1945  May "The Battle of the Reichstag 1945 - Animated" by The Operations Room
(Aug.7, 2021)

  1945  May  "What Happened when Tired & Enraged Allied Armies Started Discovering
Concentration Camps in WW2" by The Front (March 11, 2021)
  ?Get it all on record now - get the films - get the witnesses - because somewhere down
the road of history some bastard will get up and say that this never happened.?  - Dwight
D. Eisenhower (actual quote?  He possibly just said something like it.)

  1945  On May 7, 1945, Germany surrendered.

  1945  On June 1, 1945, the medical use of blood transfusions were banned for
Jehovah's Witnesses.  (Earlier publications taught JWs not to eat blood, but
this doctrine didn't come about till after transfusions became popular as a way
non-JWs helped each other during WW II.  (See p.11.)

  1945  On Aug.6, 1945, President Truman had a nuclear weapon dropped on Hiro-
shima, and on Aug.9 one was detonated over Nagasaki in Japan.

  1945  On Aug.15, 1945, Japan surrendered to the Allied Powers.

  Operation Downfall--proposed Allied plan for the invasion of the Japanese Home
Islands.  Canceled after the unconditional surrender of Japan on August 15, 1945
     "Operation Downfall: The Allies Secret Plan To Invade Japan | Secrets Of War |
     Timeline" by Timeline - World History Documentaries

  Amerikabomber--the Nazi Plan To Bomb NY  A 1998 film feat. Wernher von Braun, the
Horten brothers, and Eugen Sänger  Dreamtimeent (Nov.18, 2020)

  1945  "Propagandists think the people have short memories.  It is their intention
to erase past history, presenting themselves in the modern disguise of benefac-
tors, their incriminating record being covered up." ("Consolation," Sept.26,
1945, p.4) 

  1945  According to Wikipedia, after the League of Nations failed to prevent
WWII, "it was decided in 1945 at the Yalta Conference, to create a new body to
supplant the League's role.  This body was to be the United Nations."  on Oct.4,
1945, the United Nations was founded "at the signing of the United Nations Char-
ter by 50 countries, replacing the League of Nations, founded in 1919.  The UN
was founded after the end of World War II by the victorious Allied Powers in the
hope that it would act to intervene in conflicts between nations and thereby
avoid war."  (See 1942, 1944, 1999, and 2001.)

  1945  On Nov.20, the first of the Nuremberg Trials against 24 Nazi war crimin-
als of World War II started at the Nuremberg Palace of Justice.

  April 29, 1946--International Military Tribunal for the Far East
  Convened on April 29, 1946 and adjourned on November 12, 1948
      "Tokyo War Trials - Japan's Nuremberg Trial" by TheUntoldPast

  1946  A year after WW II, the late Rutherford's book "Let God Be True," used
for the next eight years to make converts, blamed the Jews for much of the Jews
own suffering:

     "Much of their suffering has been brought upon themselves by their com-
   mercial, rebellious course of action.  They will ever be a target of assault
   by Satan and his agents until Armageddon cleanses the earth of all opposers
   of Messiah-Christ.  Therefore, their only hope is to accept Jehovah's Mes-
   siah, Christ Jesus, and come under the protection of his kingdom."
   ("Let God Be True," J.A. Rutherford, 1946 edition, p.209--omitted in the re-
   vised 1952 edition)

  JWs leaders have a way with irony sometimes.  The problems of the JWs follow-
ers in Nazi Germany were largely brought on by the bogus prophet routine of
their own leader, Rutherford, a highlight being when he threatened Hitler that
he'd send the followers door to door with tracts critical of Hitler.

  Rutherford didn't just drop Russell's Christian Zionism, he refuted Rus-
sell's prediction about 144,000 Jews in a restored Palestine and predicted that
there wouldn't be a Jewish nation (we now know as Israel):

     "The facts and prophecies prove that the natural Jews will never again
    be a chosen, regathered people.  They have as a people flagrantly rejected
    the Messiah, his truth and his kingdom.  It is a false hope that they must
    be regathered to Palestine and be converted in mass to Jesus Christ prior
    to his second coming as a sign of the early establishment of his kingdom."
  "Jehovah's Witnesses and the Third Reich: Sectarian Politics Under Persecu-
tion," James M. Penton, 2004, p.31

  I guess sympathy for persecution can be a transient thing.

  1946  "The disaster of Armageddon, greater than that which befell Sodom and
Gomorrah, is at the door." ("Let God Be True," 1946, p.194)

  (Compare that with the 1968 claim that the JWs leaders didn't succumb to pre-
dicting Armageddon soon during WWII.  They did it every year of WWII and were
still going strong right afterward.)

  The second edition, 1952, on p.218, adds: "Israel's applying for admission
into the United Nations and her accepting membership in that worldly body which
assumes to take the place of Messiah's rule is a flat rejection of God's kingdom
of the heavens.  The remant of spiritual Israelites, as Jehovah's witnesses,
have  proclaimed world-wide the establishment of God's kingdom in 1914.  But
again, as natural Israel did nineteen centuries ago, it has rejected its true
Messiah, Jesus Christ, and has declared it has no king but Caesar.  So again
Jesus the King will refuse to give them a special sign for their mass conversion
in Palestine to him.  Therefore let individual Jews open their eyes of under-
standing to behold the great composite sign which Jesus foretold betokening this
world's end, and let them join the great flock of 'other sheep' which now seeks
refuge under his kingdom.  That way they will be gathered into 'one flock' under
'one shephard' and be restored to divine favor and gain eternal life in the new
world.--John 10:16; Revelation 7:9-17." ("Let God Be True," 1952, p.218)

  At the next link try Edit > Find on this page > Jew

  1948  The State of Israel was declared on May 14, 1948, and it was admitted
as a member of the United Nations on May 11, 1949.


  East Germany--the German Democratic Republic (GDR; German: Deutsche Demokrat-
ische Republik, DDR)--was formed on October 7, 1949 from the Soviet Zone, was
socialist, and existed from 1949 to 1990.

  Between 1945 and 1961 2.5 to 3 million, about a sixth of the GDR population,
left.  After the Berlin Wall was erected on August 13, 1961, thousands made the
dangerous effort to leave.

  In Oct., 1949, there were between 12,000 (average) and 17,000 (peak) Jehovah?s
Witnesses in East Germany.

  As during the reign of Nazi Germany, JWs leaders Knorr then Franz continued
Rutherford's version of Rom.13 and expanded stances about worldliness and gov-
ernment (the government isn't generally good and to be obeyed unless it calls on
you to sin, but is something worldly to not take part in, even Satanic), which
caused the JWs to be considered hostile by the East German government.

  1950  On Aug.31, the GDR Minister of the Interior, Dr. Steinhoff, had the JWs
removed from the list of authorized religious organizations and banned.  It was
accused of "systematic agitation against the existing democratic order and its
laws" as well as espionage.  Until the Berlin Wall was erected in 1961, Watch
Tower literature reached the GDR via West Berlin.

  From 1950 to 1961, the GDR authorities arrested 3,006 JWs, of which 2,170 (in-
cluding 641 women) received prison sentences of an average of 5.7 years and fif-
teen recieved a life sentence.  Judgments declined after 1961.

  At least 250 of the JWs who were imprisoned, mostly in the 50s, had been in-
carcerated under Nazi National Socialism.

  Between 1945 and 1990, presumably (status Aug., 1998) over 5,000 JWs were im-
prisoned in penitentiaries and work camps.  Of them, at least 57 (43 men and 14
women) died in prison or from the consequences of imprisonment, abuse, sickness,
malnutrition, and old age. ("Chronology: Development and Persecution of Jeho-
vah's Witnesses" by Hans-Hermann Dirksen, Jürgen Harder, Hans Hesse, and Jo-
hannes Wrobel)


  1952  The JWs leaders' published a long article which, while describing segre-
gation in the U.S. as evil, seems meant to reassure whoever of the more preju-
diced white people of the 1950's that the JWs leaders wouldn't give them any
trouble by motivating any effort against it.  In that regard, it seems like an
update to Rutherford's Declaration of Facts and related letter to Hitler, in
which Rutherford admitted some theological distinction from the mainstream views
but was meant to appease Hitler that he wouldn't cause Hitler any trouble.

  The main objection given is that white people's lives could be put at danger
entering black communities or that it would incite mob violence and risk lives
to buck the segregation laws.

  "Why do we tolerate the segregation laws and policies of certain governments
and organizations of this world? Because Jehovah has not commissioned us to con-
vert the world, which is wicked beyond recovery and hence will be destroyed.
Jehovah has commissioned us to preach the gospel.  Now what should we do?  Drop
preaching to fight racial issues?  We never have separate meetings and baptisms
when we can have them together.  But when impossible, shall we have separate
meetings and baptisms, or none at all?  Shall we serve spiritual food to all,
even if separately, or serve it to none?  Shall we provide baptism for all, even
if separately, or provide it for none?  Should we buck Caesar?s segregation
laws, when they do not force us to violate God?s laws?  God does not forbid sep-
arate assembly and baptism, and he commands assembly and baptism. (Matt. 28:19;
Heb. 10:25)  So should we disobey God to fight a racial issue?  To buck the seg-
regation laws would bring on disruption of the witness work, halting of it, mob
violence, and possible loss of life.  Only laws prohibiting gospel-preaching
will we buck at that price."

  "Some may argue segregation is prohibited by God, citing Galatians 3:28 (NW):
'There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor freeman, there is
neither male nor female; for you are all one in union with Christ Jesus.'  That
Paul spoke in a spiritual sense and not in a literal, physical sense is obvious,
since actually there were male and female, slave and free, Jew and Greek.  Be-
cause of the existence of Jew and Greek he specially accommodated himself and
his preaching to such classes. (1 Cor. 9:19-22)  His recognition of slave and
freeman we will consider in more detail, since it bears directly on segregation.
How so? Because segregation is rooted in slavery, is the outgrowth and hangover
of slavery.  Segregation, the stain left by slavery, is a lesser evil than slav-
ery.  So if the Bible does not instruct Christians to fight slavery it would not
sanction them to battle the lesser evil of segregation, at the expense of gos-
pel-preaching." ("The Watchtower," Feb.1, 1952, p.95)

  The JWs article both brings up scripture about there being no racial distinc-
tion in Christianity and rationalizes that Paul tended to differences regarding
ones who did and didn't follow Mosaic law.  Those differences were theological,
not racial, practical concerns in leading a Christian view that branched from
Judaism, though--they make no concession to people being 'centric about race.

  As Paul is quoted as saying, dealing pragmatically with slavery being the law
of the Roman Empire of the time, a slave should try to be free (if legally pos-
sible).  The democratic system of the U.S. created greater legal possibility for
challenging existing laws for ethical change for the better, and you don't do
that and try to create freedom by accepting the status quo.

  In their usual overdone stance of worldliness and what's ruled over by Satan,
the JWs leaders even charged that efforts to change segregation (like Martin Lu-
ther King's efforts soon afterward) were Satanic.  (This reminds me of people
bragging that it was a badge of honor for Nixon to put them on his enemy list.),_Jr.

  "Jehovah is no respecter of persons.  Neither are his people.  But the world
in which we live is.  Whites are prejudiced against colored, colored are preju-
diced against whites.  In some colored communities after nightfall a white per-
son would enter at the risk of his very life.  To justify this on the grounds
that the whites started the discrimination is not Scriptural. (Rom. 12:17)  Now,
where the danger is extreme should white persons enter these hostile communi-
ties and suffer beating and possibly death to prove they have a democratic right
to be there?  Should a white witness endanger his life to attend a meeting of
colored witnesses in such places, or stay overnight with his colored brothers
there, just to prove his democratic right to do so?"

  "Many colored persons practice color-prejudice against their own people.
Lighter-colored Negroes will shun the darker ones.  Some from the Western Hemi-
sphere look down upon the very dark ones from Africa.  In South Africa, whites
discriminate against the mixed coloreds, the mixed coloreds against the native
blacks, the native blacks against the Indian coolies, and in their native India
the Indians discriminate against the no caste or outcasts.  Who is innocent to
throw the first stone?  Can we not see that all classes of the human race are
evil, that if we start reforming we shall be lost in an impossible task, with
endless discriminations and many varieties or injustices to beat down, which
crusading social and political organizations of this world have hopelessly
fought for years? For us to become like them would be to fail with them, con-
sume our time in such reforms, lose out as Jehovah?s witnesses, and please only
the Devil."

  "So let us please God by preaching the gospel despite the undesirable condi-
tions the Devil?s world may make for us.  Let us not be sidetracked by Satan and
caught in a subtle snare camouflaged in lofty motives and ideals.  Can we not
wait upon Jehovah to avenge the wrongs we suffer now?  Really, our colored
brothers have great cause for rejoicing.  Their race is meek and teachable, and
from it comes a high percentage of the theocratic increase.  What if the worldly
wise and powerful and noble look down on them as foolish and weak and ignoble,
not on an equality with self-exalted whites?  It is to God?s ultimate honor, for
he confounds the wise of this world by choosing those the world considers fool-
ish and weak and ignoble.  Let us boast in Jehovah and in our equality in his
sight, rather than wanting to boast in equality in the world?s sight. (1 Cor. 1:
26-31, NW)  In due time the exalted ones will be humbled, and the humble ones
will be exalted. (Matt. 23:12)  All of us await this vindication from God, which
will come in his due time.  Until then, as Paul advised concerning slavery we
advise concerning its lingering trace, segregation: 'Do not let it worry you.'
(1 Cor. 7:21, NW)  When possible we will meet together, when not possible we
will meet separately; but in either event we are always united in spirit, broth-
ers equal in our own sight, in Christ?s sight, and in God?s sight." ("The Watch-
tower," Feb.1, 1952, p.95)

  I should add that, as with slavery in Mosaic law, Paul, living in the Roman
Empire in which slavery was also the law of the land, at the least taught to
temper the understanding of it with an understanding of treating others as you'd
want to be treated yourself, be kind, etc., in how he sent a slave, now con-
verted to Christianity, back to the slave owner with a note for the slave owner.
It's not clear beyond that if that slave was set free.

  "If then you regard me a partner, accept him as you would me.  But if he has
wronged you in any way or owes you anything, charge that to my account; I, Paul,
am writing this with my own hand, I will repay it not to mention to you that you
owe to me even your own self as well)." (Philemon 1:17-19, NASB)

  I should also add that the JWs leaders just gave the first part of 1 Cor.7:21
and the second part is pertinent to the subject:

  "Were you called while a slave?  Do not worry about it; but if you are able
also to become free, rather do that." (1 Cor.7:21, NASB)


  "For he who was called in the Lord while a slave, is the Lord's freedman;
likewise he who was called while free, is Christ's slave. You were bought with a
price; do not become slaves of men." (1 Cor.7:22,23)

  The JWs leaders were delinguent in regard to Paul's advice to rather try to be
free which found greater possibilties in the legal situation in the U.S. of the
1950's in a country with a non-violent civil rights movement.  The problem came
from 'centric ethnic outlooks which caused harsh disparity in education between
races and less potential for black people to make what they wanted with their
lives.  There was scriptural guidance for a moral imperative to change for the
better beyond just realizing that people of different races could find salvation
from faith in God (Num.12; Luke 6:31; 10:27, others).

  "and He made from one man every nation of mankind to live on all the face of
the earth, having determined their appointed times and the boundaries of their
habitation." (Acts 17:26, NASB)

  "Treat others the same way you want them to treat you." (Luke 6:31, NASB)


  1 Timothy 1:8-11: slave traders are listed among law breakers.

  A defense of the JWs leaders (all white till adding one black man to the Gov-
erning Body in recent years) might point to however unfortunately common the
selfish lack of motivation to end racial inequity was.  But my focus is to look
at the JWs leaders' claim of being of an especially righteous "144,000," and you
want to see some show of eternal Godly wisdom for an elitist claim like that.
They dropped the ball pretty clearly on this one.  They acted not only unfortun-
ately common, but discouraged efforts to make things right, accusing people who
did that of being "sidetracked by Satan."

  1952  "We might wonder, then, since this congregation which God is developing
or bringing into existence is based on love, why anyone should ever want to talk
about disfellowshipping or putting people out of this congregation.  There cer-
tainly must be some reason.  Well, the reason for disfellowshipping is that some
persons get into this congregation of God that do not love Christ."  "Those who
are acquainted with the situation in the congregation should never say ?Hello?
or ?Goodbye? to him.  He is not welcome in our midst, we avoid him."  "Such an
individual has no place in the clean organization or congregation of God.  He
should go back to the wicked group that he once came from and die with that
wicked group with Satan?s organization." ("The Watchtower, March 1, 1952, pp.

  1956  "Jewish persecution throughout the centuries is such a towering tragedy
that the mind cannot fully comprehend it.  Since it was engaged in primarily by
confessed Christians, it is no wonder that many Jews feel an antipathy toward
anything claiming to be Christian.

  "The persecutions the Jews suffered bear grim testimony to the accuracy of the
Biblical warning as to what the Jews could expect if they went contrary to their
maker, Jehovah God. (Leviticus 26:14-33)  At the same time it should impress
them with the need of putting their trust, not in silver and gold, nor in men
and human agencies, but solely in Jehovah God." ("Awake!" Dec.,22, 1956, p.20)

  The JWs leaders' last statement gives with one hand while taking away with the
other.  It basically advises followers to not be bigoted about Jewish people
while it panders to the bigoted ideas of greedy Jewish people characterized as
Shylocks who are trying to take over the world, as "worldly" people bringing bad
things onto themselves for being Christ killers, etc.

  1960  Former Governing Body member of the Watchtower Bible and Tract Society
Raymond Franz released the book "Crisis of Conscience," 1983.  The "strong, un-
yielding statements" he refers to below are rules by the JWs leaders used to
handle the problems of JWs in Malawi in 1964 (described in a listing below)
which were in contradiction to their rules used to handle the problems of JWs
in Mexico.  Their rules about the JWs' political problems in Mexico were first
decided by the JWs leaders in 1960:

     "What I find amazing is that at the same time these strong, unyielding
   statements were made those making them were aware of the situation in Mex-
   ico.  When I supplied each member of the Governing Body with a copy of the
   survey of Branch Committee reports on alternative service, I included ma-
   terial sent in by the Branch Committee of Mexico.  It included this por-
   tion dealing with the 'Identity Cartilla for Military Service.

   ("Cartilla" means a certificate.)

   [The letters are printed in the book]

     "Put briefly, in Mexico men of draft age are required to undergo a speci-
   fied period of military training during a period of one year.  Upon regis-
   tration the registrant receives a certificate or 'cartilla' with places for
   noting down attendance at weekly military instruction classes.  It is ille-
   gal and punishable for any official to fill in this attendance record if
   the registrant has not actually attended.  But officials can be bribed to
   do so and many men in Mexico do this.  According to the Branch Office Com-
   mittee this is also a common practice among Jehovah?s Witnesses in Mexico.

   [Letters from the Mexican Branch to the New York Headquarters and New York
   to Mexican Branch about the bribery practice show that the Governing Body
   in Brooklyn knew of the practice and approved of it.]

     "Four years after that counsel was given to Mexico the first eruption of
   violent attacks against Jehovah?s Witnesses in Malawi took place (1964) and
   the issue of paying for a party card arose.  The position taken by the Ma-
   lawi Branch Office was that to do so would be a violation of Christian neu-
   trality, a compromise unworthy of a genuine Christian.  The world headquar-
   ters knew that this was the position taken.  The violence subsided after a
   while and then broke out again in 1967, so fiercely that thousands of Wit-
   nesses were driven into flight from their homeland.  The reports of horri-
   ble atrocities in increasing number came flooding in to the world headquar-

     "What effect did it have on them and on their consciences as regards the
   position taken in Mexico?  In Malawi Witnesses were being beaten and tor-
   tured, women were being raped, homes and fields were being destroyed, and
   entire families were fleeing to other countries--determined to hold to the
   organization?s stand that to pay for a party card would be a morally trai-
   torous act.  At the same time, in Mexico, Witness men were bribing military
   officials to complete a certificate falsely stating that they had fulfilled
   their military service obligations, and when they went to the Branch Of-
   fice, the staff there followed the Society?s counsel and said nothing to
   indicate in any way that this practice was inconsistent with organizational
   standards or the principals of God?s Word.  Knowing this, how were those in
   the position of highest authority in the organization affected?  Consider:

   [Letters from the Mexican Branch to New York and from New York to the Mex-
   ican Branch show the Mexican JWs asked if the bribery practice should con-
   tinue and Brooklyn saw no reason to change the practice.]

     "What makes all this so utterly incredible is that the organization?s po-
   sition on membership in the military has always been identical to its posi-
   tion on membership in a 'political' organization.  In both cases any Wit-
   ness who enters such membership is automatically viewed as 'disassociated.'
   Yet the Mexico Branch Committee had made crystal clear that all these Wit-
   nesses who had obtained the completed certificate of military service (by
   means of a bribe) were now placed in the first reserve of the military.
   The Witnesses in Malawi risked life and limb, homes and lands, to adhere to
   the stance adopted by the organization for their country.  In Mexico there
   was no such risk involved, yet a policy of the utmost leniency was applied.
   There, Witness men could be members of the first reserves of the army and
   yet be Circuit or District Overseers, members of the Bethel family! The re-
   port from the Branch Committee makes this clear (as well as showing how com-
   mon the practice of bribing to get the certificate was among the Wit-
   nesses)." ("Crisis of Conscience," Raymond Franz, 1983, pp.117,119,123-126)

  Again, I call attention to the JWs leaders' claim of being of an exclusive
144,000, their efforts to make a pretension of it with unnecessarily expanded
ideas about what "worldly" means, and how this has led JWs into harmful situa-
tions that could have been handled differently.  (This same posturing has led to
the JWs leaders' rulings about the medical uses of blood which has led to other
avoidable fatalities.)

  See the listing for 1968 for more about the way the JWs leaders guided things
in Malawi.

  1962  The higher powers of Rom.13:1-8 are again called worldly governments by
the JWs leaders. ("The Watchtower," Nov.15, 1962).  (Compare June 1 and 15,

  1963  The persecution of JWs in WWII was "...a horrible Nazi persecution of
'Jehovah?s Witnesses', worse than that of the Jews." ("Babylon the Great Has
Fallen!  God?s Kingdom Rules!" 1963, pp.549-550)

  I can see the JWs leaders trying to get away with lying about obscure things,
but that's just dumb.

  1963  "One tantalizing instance of this occurred when Pope Pius XI of Vatican
City, who was a Concordat partner of dictators Mussolini and Hitler, proclaimed
1933 to be a holy year.  When he inaugurated it on April 2, he held out hopes of
peace and prosperity as a result of observing that year as holy.  In quick suc-
cession came the startling broadcast on April 23, 1933, over 55 radio stations,
with WBBR of Staten Island, New York, as the key station.  This hour's address
by President Rutherford of the Watch Tower Society was on the subject 'Effect of
Holy Year on Peace and Prosperity.'  This expose of Holy Year was transcribed on
phonograph records, and a broadcasting of these was made on the following June
25 over 158 radio stations.  Among other things, the president's speech said:

  "...With all kindness and sincerity I remind you who listened to the 'Holy
Hour Service' held in New York on the 2d of April that the name of man was there
exalted by frequently using and applying to men such terms as 'Holy Father,'
'Your Eminence,' and 'Your Excellency'; whereas the name of Jehovah God, His
King and His kingdom were not mentioned at all.  No reference was made to God's
expressed purpose of dealing with the human race by and through His kingdom....

  "The act of declaring this a 'holy year' for the bringing in of peace and
prosperity is a presumptuous sin before Almighty God.  No man or company of men
are running Jehovah's business so as to enable them to 'change times and laws,'
and it is so stated in Daniel 7:25....

  "... Peace and prosperity cannot be brought to the earth by men, but will come
by God's kingdom under Christ. ... "
  "-The Golden Age, as of May 10, 1933, pages 483-490.

  "By the events of history since then, let all readers judge whether the Watch
Tower president spoke the truth or not.  Let them verify by authentic recorded
history whether the idolized 'sun' of this old world ceased from its scorching
heat after the 'holy year' of 1933.  Informed persons know that in that same
year Hitler became dictator of Nazi Germany, a horrible Nazi persecution of Je-
hovah's witnesses, worse than that on the Jews, began, and in that decade the
League of Nations was scuttled by the Nazi-Fascist Axis Powers and the gory
World War II was launched by these.  Finally came the exploding of atomic bombs
on the 'heathen' member of the Axis Powers.  Then the hydrogen bomb was in-
vented.  We face nuclear war!

  "Jehovah's witnesses could not be killed of by Nazism, Fascism and Catholic
Action or by World War II.  The more they kept growing in numbers and spreading
the Kingdom message and establishing new congregations, the more the 'scorched'
men kept blaspheming the 'name of God.'  To this day it is true that 'they did
not repent so as to give glory to him.' (Revelation 16:9)  Unquestionably they
feel the effects of the pouring out of the fourth plague." ("Babylon the Great
Has Fallen!--God's Kingdom Rules!" pp.549,550)

  Persecution worse than suffered by over 6,000,000 Jews?  Regarding the
"144,000"-centric bashing of Pope Pius XI, see the July 20 listing for 1933.
Again, the blame for the deaths of JWs in Germany is shifted away from Ruther-
ford's phony prophet act, therefore pretentiously exclusive rules about worldli-
ness, leading him to make an over-indulgent, fatally reckless threat to Hitler
to attack him with tracts of Rutherford propaganda distributed by unarmed JWs in
German streets.

  The inflexible 1963 JWs leaders continued to propagandize the correctness of
their 144,000-'centric claim of exclusive righteousness, weak faith about what
"worldliness" means, and bashing of others.  They were about to drive the fol-
lowers into another equally inflexible government leader.

  1964  According to the articles at the next links, the JWs in Malawi refused
to salute the flag, to buy $.25 membership cards in Malawi?s Congress Party, or
buy and wear badges with the picture of the President--Dr. H. Kamuzu Banda.  Dr.
Banda ran a brutal government with a cult of personality and harsh treatment for
any dissent.  There were waves of persecution in 1964, 1967, 1972 and 1975.
JWs' activities were outlawed, but JWs continued to go door to door.  Soldiers
put about 1/3rd of 12,000 to 15,000 JWs in prison camps.  Without police protec-
tion, JWs' homes were burned, many were beaten and raped, and many fled to, and
several hundred died in, an inadequate Zambia refugee camp.  (See 1960.)

  I'll add that you don't get the story right unless you add that the JW leaders
through this period played prophet and still required the outlook that involve-
ment in government is too worldly (except regarding the Identity Cartilla for
Military Service in Mexico--see 1960).  As with Rutherford's way of handling
Hitler, or Popoff wearing his radio transmitter and tellin followers they were
healed and should throw their nitroglycerin tablets and insulin away, it was es-
pecially cynical to maintain the pretension inconsiderate of the fatalities pos-
sible.  Maybe the flock would otherwise have worn the dumb badges, spread the
word of scripture, and in private said what a jerk Banda was.  But my criticism
is for the leaders--another combination of cynical government leader and cynical
JWs leaders with the flock bearing the brunt of it.

  1968  "During World War I God's people expected it to lead directly into Arma-
geddon, but Jehovah prevented such a climax at that time.  We didn't succumb to
such an expectation during World War II." ("Kingdom Ministry," Jan.,1968, p.5)

  (Compare that with the listings for the WWII years above and at the next

  1968  The JWs leaders' own report about the tragedies in Malawi (see 1960),
partly the result of their inflexible stance on their own 144,000 status and
their rules about worldliness:

  "In one place a number of these Christians were beaten unconscious and one of
them placed on top of a pile of wood, which was then set afire, all at the in-
stigation of a member of Malawi?s parliament.  But then this politician began to
have second thoughts about the matter and so had the unconscious Christian hur-
riedly pulled off the pile.

  "In another place one night a group of these Christians was awakened by Con-
gress Party officials.  The men were beaten and slashed with sticks and pangas
[machetes] and then were forced to look on while ten of their women were raped.
Two of the women were pregnant, one of whom later had a miscarriage as a result.

  "Late in October a large number of Christian women from the Mlanje area were
assaulted and raped, and on October 25, 1967, a fifteen-year-old girl at Mkuwila
Village, because of refusing to compromise her religious convictions, was tied
to a tree and raped six times.  How sadistic these persecutors were can be seen
from the fact that they even forced a wooden plug into one Christian woman.

  "This shocking persecution has sent many of these Christians to hospitals, and
at least five of them were killed up to the end of November 1967.  Hundreds have
fled to the bush wilderness for safety while literally thousands of others have
taken refuge in the neighboring Portuguese province of Mozambique, where they
have been provided with food and shelter.

  "Why the Persecution?  Since this is the way the witnesses of Jehovah conduct
themselves, why, then, all this violent persecution of them in Malawi?  One of
the main reasons is that the Witnesses refuse to buy membership cards in Malaw-
i?s Congress Party as well as refuse to buy and wear badges with the picture of
the President of Malawi, Dr. H. Kamuzu Banda.  Other religious organizations,
Catholic, Protestant and Moslem, have all yielded to pressure in these respects,
but Jehovah?s witnesses have not.  Why?  Because of their strictly adhering to
the Word of God.

  "As Christian witnesses of Jehovah they follow the example of the Son of God,
Jesus Christ, who kept free from the politics of his day.  He said that his fol-
lowers were 'no part of the world, just as I am no part of the world.' (John 17:
16)  And before the Roman political ruler of Judea, Pontius Pilate, he testi-
fied: 'My kingdom is no part of this world.  If my kingdom were part of this
world, my attendants would have fought that I should not be delivered up to the
Jews.  But, as it is, my kingdom is not from this source.' (John 18:36)  Previ-
ously, when the Jews wanted to seize him to make him king, he eluded them and
retreated alone into a mountain.?John 6:15."

  "Yes, Jesus preached and gave his allegiance to 'the kingdom of the heavens,'
'the kingdom of God.'  Following Jesus? footsteps as sincerely dedicated Chris-
tians, Jehovah?s witnesses have no alternative but to keep separate, 'without
spot from the world.'  Since they can give their allegiance only to Jehovah God
and his kingdom, they feel obligated to refrain from participating in any action
that gives such devotion to political leaders.  So they remain neutral as to the
political affairs of Malawi, even as they do regarding the political affairs of
every other land in which they happen to live.  It is because of this Christian
neutrality that they are being persecuted in Malawi.?Matt. 4:17; Mark 1:15; Jas.
1:27." ("The Watchtower," Feb.1, 1968, from an article on pp.17-19)

  Jesus meant he was bringing a way to go to the kingdom of heaven, not a way to
fight to have the Jews control Israel.  The "world" refers to whoever doesn't
believe in God or His rules to not sin.  Beyond those things, the political neu-
trality the JWs leaders wrote about may be someone's personal opinion, but they
were playing prophet to require it from others for salvation.  Jesus didn't mean
the JWs followers should have to go through cruelty in Malawi for the cynical
elitist pretensions of the JWs leaders.

  1975  "The blame for the mass murder of Jews, however, does not rest with
Christianity.  It rests with Christendom and her churches.  The reason for the
holocaust is plain: Christendom's clergy and their flocks abandoned the teach-
ings of the Bible and of Christ Jesus in favor of supporting the political
state.  Centuries of history show that this is by no means the first time they
have done so.

  "By contrast, thousands of European Jews can testify that one religious group
in Germany underwent persecution equal to that heaped upon the Jews: Jehovah's
witnesses.  Hundreds of these died in concentration camps.  They suffered be-
cause of insisting on holding to and practicing true Christianity rather than
worship of the State." ("The Watchtower," May 15th, 1975, p.294)

  Translation from JWs leaders'-ese: the JWs leaders claim to create the only
Christianity and those of all other branches that claim to be Christian are
false, unchristian, only political, and caused the holocaust; that the JWs fol-
lowers that died in Nazi Germany died from a persecution that was equal to that
of the Jews, and it was due to being committed to the one true Christianity--
that of the JWs leaders (Rutherford's).


  - the JWs leaders' cynical centric claim of being of a literal "144,000" is
meant to be established by rules so exclusive that they need to use falsehoods
to make them appear to be guaranteed (pp.1a,7-10,12-42),

  - many Christians and Jews know racism is a form of centric selfishness that
causes one to bash another whole group, a selfishness indulged in despite and in
contradiction to the scriptures, and many of the statements about either group
by the JWs leaders are further examples of it,

  - involvement in government isn't unscriptural as a blanket rule any more than
that Satan is the god of this system of things is or the combination of Rom.13:
1-5 and 2 Corinthians 4:3,4 would mean Christians should thank Satan for combat-
ing sin through governments; and the JWs leaders' ban on government employment
is nothing more than part of their 144,000 elitism,

  - generalizations should refer to what's mostly true, and most Christians and
Jews did what was effective, even giving their lives, to defend against the Nazi
onslaught, and the JWs leaders made sure no JWs could do much more than go to a
dangerously extreme degree to sell JWs leaders' literature,

  - and the first responsibility for how the JWs followers were guided unwisely,
even fatally, with inflexible expanded rules about worldliness and elitism that
procluded involvement in underground Christian efforts against the Nazis, but
rather sent defenseless followers with overt damnation about all others, damna-
tion built on childish exclusive overblown ideas about scriptures and govern-
ment, into what would have to be harms way with no motive more apparent than to
garner more worldly gain for the leader that sent them, isn't Christ's but Ruth-
erford's (German JW Erich Frost ratting about the identities of German JWs ser-
vice directors, and whatever ratting that may have led to, didn't help).

  1975  "To this day the natural circumcised Jews are suffering the sad conse-
quences from the works of darkness that were done within their nation nineteen
hundred years ago.  This illustrates what can happen to a whole nation that
comes under the influence of that unseen superhuman intelligence, Satan the Dev-
il." ("The Watchtower," Nov.1, 1975, p.654)

  1978  Fred Franz became the 4th Watchtower president.

  1980  The fool's gold rule: have the pot call the kettle "the pan calling the
pot black."  The thought to keep in mind while reading the next part is that
both the Watchtower and the Roman Catholic Church take in a lot of money, but
while the RCC has a history of charity, the WT mainly recommends that JWs help
each other.


  "Perhaps the dominant appeals of the pope during his American visit were to
reject materialism and to share with the poor. A few hours after lecturing the
United Nations on this matter, he told an audience of some 80,000 at New York's
Yankee Stadium: 'We must find a simple way of living. For it is not right that
the standard of living of the rich countries should seek to maintain itself by
draining off a great part of the reserves of energy and raw materials that are
meant to serve the whole of humanity.'

  "However, what effect do you suppose those words have when coming from a man
clad in royal robes, who rides around in beautiful limousines and lives in con-
siderable luxury? Bishop Mariano Gaviola, secretary-general of the 1970 Bishops
Conference of the Philippines, gave some idea as he noted: 'When the bishops
[and we can add, the pope] condemn graft and corruption in the government or
speak against the misuse of wealth, some people wonder whether it is not a case
of the pan calling the pot black.'

  "But will the Church follow this proposal? Will it practice sharing its wealth
with the poor, as the pope advised the rich nations to do? It has not been in-
clined to do this in the past; whether it yet will do so remains to be seen.

  "However, the really important question is not: Will the Church practice what
the pope preached? Rather, it is: Will it practice what the Bible teaches?
("The Watchtower," Jan.1, 1980, pp.6,7, "Will the Church Practice What the Pope

  1981  "Sexual Conduct? concerning the marriage bed, individuals can, however,
be advised that in their intimate relations, as in all other aspects of Chris-
tian life, they need to? have a hatred for all perverted practices including
homosexuality, bestiality, oral sex and the like (Lev. 18:22,23; Ps. 97:10; Amos
5:15; Rom. 12:9; Eph. 5:3,10-12; Col. 3:5,6) Persons should be urged to act in
such a way as to leave them with a clean conscience, and the marriage bed unde-
filed. (Heb. 13:4)" ("Kingdom Ministry School Textbook," 1981, p.151)

  1982  "Was God really their father?  Did God accept their form of religion?
Not at all!"  Jews are "from their father the Devil, and they wish to do his
desires."  The Jewish religion "served the interest of the Devil" and the Jews
"were on the way to destruction." ("You Can Live Forever In Paradise On Earth,"
1982, pp.25,26)

  1989  In a JWs leaders' "Awake!" under the heading "The Holocaust--victims or
martyrs?": "all those who suffered as a result of the Holocaust were victims,
but only a minority were truly martyrs."  The Jews, Poles, Russians and Ukrain-
ians were victims, "But the case of 'Jehovah?s Witnesses' in Europe was differ-
ent."  The tract claims that the JWs were the only true martyrs of the Holo-
caust. ("Awake!" April 8, 1989)


  GTW editorial:

  The JWs leaders meant to distinguish the Jewish people as victims who had no
choice from the JWs who were martyrs because they had a choice--they didn't re-
nounce their faith to avoid being punished.

  A few things about the comparison could be defined more clearly.

  The Jewish people didn't have a leader for all of them (like a Rutherford)
that directed them to become martyrs.

  The Jewish people were targeted for genocide for being Jews, whereas Hitler
just wanted the JWs to not spread tracts with bad PR about him around Germany.
So, when a minority of German JWs refused to renounce Rutherford, it wasn't a
clear choice to prefer death but most likely imprisonment.  (In fact, the JWs
were among the better treated prisoners for the last several years of the war
for making good servants for Nazi officers.)

  The JWs didn't have to renounce their faith in Christianity to avoid being
punished--just their commitment to the JWs leaders, the distinctions of whom are
covered on the pages of this article.  According to Penton, most of them did
(see the last listing for 1933).  From what I can tell from the rest of this ar-
ticle, if that's all they had to renounce, their best option would have been to
renounce them before there was any threat at all, then go on to do something
publicly productive.

  The Jewish people didn't just cave in to the Final Solution as if they had no
choice.  Resistance to the Final Soluion was strong among Jewish people, and,
given the humiliating circmstances, it's surprising how much rebellion against
it was demonstrated.

  There were also Jews (and various believers and non-believers) but no Jeho-
vah's Witnesses among the Allies who risked their lives to fight and defeat Hit-
ler's armies.

  There aren't any Jehovah's Witnesses among the religious figures and others
who risked their lives to assist the Jews in escaping the Holocaust.

  The racial policy, including anti-Semitism, of Nazi Germany was pseudoscience.
It also condemned so-called "Aryan" Germans who had converted to Judaism.

  (The generalization that Semitic people are all Jewish could use some clarifi-

  (Jewish people aren't all one race--someone can be any race and be Jewish.

  (Semitic people aren't all Jewish people--someone can be Semitic and be Jew-
ish, Islamic, etc.)

  The concern that someone's mother is Jewish is an Orthodox, Conservative, or
Reform (or that someone's father is Jewish, Karaite) Jewish religious belief
concern.  Other than that, it's scientifically, biologically, and any other
"cally" you want to throw at it, unimportant.

  Adolf Hitler made a pseudoscientific something out of nothing as a bigot in
his villification of anyone whose mother was Jewish or who converted to Judaism.
He had a propaganda department propagandize against whoever disagreed with him
but especially Jewish people as causing the most trouble for his socialist gov-

  The JWs leaders make a pseudojournalistic, pseudohistorical, and pseudotheo-
logical something out of nothing in their efforts to substantiate their claims
to be the most righteous of all mankind and the only valid human theocratic gov-
ernment leaders and villified whoever disagreed with them.  They had followers
sell their literature that propagandized about critics but especially Christians
and Jews as causing the most trouble for their theocratic organization.

  Too many Germans fell prey to stupid outlooks of the time about Jewish people
and Hitler exploited that.  The JWs leaders expressed some of the same stupidi-
ties short of a Final Solution for it (see p.1a and elsewhere on this page) (un-
less you want to count their frequent and emphatic public broadcasts about Arma-

  The JWs leaders describe those of Christendom that supported Hitler as typify-
ing Christendom, but generalizations should refer to what's mostly true, and far
more Christians fought against Hitler than for him.  Rutherford would have made
his followers more effective against Hitler if Rutherford used some sort of
plausible strategy instead of directly threatening Hitler that he'd send unarmed
followers of Rutherford into German streets to sell literature critical of Hit-

  My concern isn't to pick on the JWs followers but to focus on the leaders'
methods used to affect a stance of exclusiveness, particularly if any of the
followers get hurt or killed.

  The JWs who stayed true to their beliefs under threat of death in Nazi Germany
showed loyalty, but loyalty can be for something good or bad, as in the case of
Nazis who fought to the death even as Berlin was closed in on by the Allies.
JWs who let their children die in hospitals rather than disobey the JWs leaders'
rules about the medical use of blood show loyalty and sacrifice, too.  But when
the JWs leaders tell their followers an extraordinary claim regarding common old
material, especially if anyone could be hurt or killed, those JWs in Nazi Ger-
many, hospitals, or anywhere else, would be better off to be loyal to the common
sense of hearing the case of both sides' best evidence and reasoning before ren-
dering judgment.


  1992  Milton George Henschel became the 5th Watchtower president.

  1995  "Scientists may never resolve exactly how much of a role nature and nur-
turing play in same-sex attraction.  But one thing is clear: All humans are born
with the tendency to succumb to wrong thinking and inclinations. --Romans 3:23.
A youth who desires to please God must therefore conform to his moral standards
and shun immoral behavior, though doing so may be agonizingly difficult.  True,
some individuals may very well be prone to homosexuality...

  "Similarly, a Christian cannot excuse immoral behavior by saying he was 'born
that way.'  Child molesters invoke the same pathetic excuse when they say their
craving for children is 'innate.'  But can anyone deny that their sexual appe-
tite is perverted?  So is the desire for someone of the same sex." ("Awake!"
Feb.8, 1995)

  The Watchtower stance is that homosexuality is a sin like child molestation.

  Such conservative Abrahamic prejudice is the prime reason LGBT people are the
victims of hate crimes in the USA and even executed in some countries.

  Some defenses of interpreting the Bible to not condemn homosexuals:

  A few Wikipedia articles about homosexuality:

  1996  "In 1929, at a time when laws of various governments were beginning to
forbid things that God commands or demand things that God's laws forbid, it was
felt that the higher powers must be Jehovah God and Jesus Christ.  This was the
understanding Jehovah's servants had during the crucial period before and dur-
ing World War II and on into the Cold War, with its balance of terror and its
military preparedness.  Looking back, it must be said that this view of things,
exalting as it did the supremacy of Jehovah and his Christ, helped God's people
to maintain an uncompromisingly neutral stand throughout this difficult period."
("The Watchtower," May 1, 1996, p.13-14)

  (Summary: the Governing Body has reversed the stance again and now JWs can
choose alternative--non-military--service as a matter of conscience.  Despite
the JWs leaders' prophet-playing rules creating an overdone view of worldliness,
WWII being one of the worst times to make a case for neutrality being wise, and
Rutherford's political activism about it, not neutrality, being strategically
ill-advised and getting the followers into scrapes, even partly responsible for
many getting JWs killed, compared to what a more normal conscientious objector's
path would have led to or genuine help it could have contributed in the anti-
Nazi Christian underground movement in Germany, the JWs leaders only credit
themselves for having shielded their flock with a wise neutrality.) ("The Watch-
tower," May 1, 1996, p.20)

  The usual view of Rom.13:1-8 already figures God for being a higher authority
than human rule.  With the Nazi movement being big-time, homicidal, organized
crime on the march, it's not a time when I'd most admire someone's ability to
be neutral--to interpret it to mean to not pitch in with the Allies and help
fight the Nazis in some manner but mainly just bug the already too troubled
folks in the U.S. with the JWs leaders' sound trucks damning their religions and
hopes to fight off the Nazis.

  For the purpose of this article, the wavering JWs leaders' interpretation of
the "higher authorities" of Rom.13:1-8 (Russell/government, Rutherford/God and
Jesus, currently/government), interpreted to mean JWs can then can't at all then
can be a little in government, weakens the JWs leaders' case for being the sole
channel of God. ("The Watchtower," August 1, 1898, p.2345; "The Watchtower," May
1, 1996, p.20)

  1998 "Thus, the Witnesses never expressed support for the Nazi Party.  More-
over, in the exercise of religious freedom, they did not intend to stop their
public preaching.?Matthew 24:14; 28:19, 20." ("Awake!" July 8, 1998)

  (See Nov.1, 1933--about 2/5ths of the German Jws continued door to door work
after Rutherford's threatening letter to Hitler--sent after Rutherford's letter
to appease Hitler--failed, and about 1/2 stopped meeting in homes.)

  (See June 24, 1936--German state police and the Gestapo formed a special unit
to fight the Watchtower movement.  In Sept., 1937, through a number of arrests
and infiltration, it succeeded in bringing the public spread of the movement to
a standstill.  Thereafter, reports of Witness activity was mostly limited to
prisons, concentration camps, and some young JWs men who who were executed for
refusing military service.)

  1998  "Feelings of Having Suffered Needlessly In the past, some Witnesses have
suffered for refusing to share in an activity that their conscience now might
permit.  For example, this might have been their choice years ago as to certain
types of civilian service.  A brother might now feel that he could conscien-
tiously perform such without overstepping his Christian neutrality regarding the
present system of things.  Was it unrighteous on Jehovah's part to allow him to
suffer for rejecting what he now might do without consequences?  Most who have
had that experience would not think so.  Rather, they rejoice that they had the
opportunity of demonstrating publicly and clearly that they were determined to
be firm on the issue of universal sovereignty."  ("Watchtower," Aug.15, 1998, p.

  1999  The JWs leaders still call political neutrality a scriptural require-
ment, but now allow a JWs follower to vote in a political election as a matter
of personal conscience even if voting there isn't required by law.

  "First, Jesus Christ said of his followers: 'They are no part of the world,
just as I am no part of the world.' (John 17:14)  Jehovah's Witnesses take this
principle seriously.  Being 'no part of the world,' they are neutral in the pol-
itical affairs of the world.?John 18:36.

  "The November 15, 1950, issue of The Watchtower, on pages 445 and 446, said:
'Where Caesar makes it compulsory for citizens to vote...[Witnesses] can go to
the polls and enter the voting booths.  It is here that they are called upon to
mark the ballot or write in what they stand for.  The voters do what they will
with their ballots.  So here in the presence of God is where his witnesses must
act in harmony with his commandments and in accordance with their faith.  It is
not our responsibility to instruct them what to do with the ballot.'"

  "What of a country where voting is not mandated by law but feelings run high
against those who do not go to the voting booth?-perhaps they are exposed to
physical danger?  Or what if individuals, while not legally obliged to vote, are
severely penalized in some way if they do not go to the polling booth?  In these
and similar situations, a Christian has to make his own decision.  'Each one
will carry his own load.'?Galatians 6:5." ("Watchtower," Nov.1, 1999, pp.28,29)

  So what was the reason for not allowing JWs to get a card in Malawi (1960 and
1968) which was required by law but wasn't even a matter of voting?

  1999 "Jesus commanded that we 'pay back Caesars things to Caesar', Cornelius
converted whilst a military officer and at Romans chapter 13 Paul advised that
we obey political rulers, so it is with little justification that the Watchtower
Society insists Jehovah's Witnesses refrain from voting and politics.  This has
been a cause of unnecessary persecution for many followers.  Most reprehensible
has been the plight of Witnesses in Malawi.  In the 1960's the Watchtower de-
creed that Malawian Witnesses were not to hold a political card in a one party
state.  This resulted in many thousands of deaths, rapes and displacements of
innocent Witnesses between 1963 and 1992." ("Yearbook," 1999. pp.149-223)

  1999  "'THE DISGUSTING THING IS PUT IN PLACE.'  When the end of the second
world war was in sight, another development occurred, just as God?s angel had
foretold.  "They will certainly put in place the disgusting thing that is caus-
ing desolation." (Daniel 11:31b)  Jesus had also spoken of "the disgusting
thing."  In the first century, it proved to be the Roman army that came to Je-
rusalem in 66 C.E. to put down Jewish rebellion.

  "What 'disgusting thing' has been 'put in place' in modern times?  Apparently,
it is a 'disgusting' counterfeit of God?s Kingdom.  This was the League of Na-
tions, the scarlet-colored wild beast that went into the abyss, or ceased to
exist as a world-peace organization, when World War II erupted. (Revelation 17:
8)  'The wild beast,' however, was 'to ascend out of the abyss.'  This it did
when the United Nations, with 50 member nations including the former Soviet
Union, was established on October 24, 1945.  Thus 'the disgusting thing' fore-
told by the angel?the United Nations?was put in place."  ("Pay Attention To
Daniels Prophecy," 1999, pp.267-269)  (See 1942, 1944, 1945, and 2001.)

  The JWs leaders have long taught that the UN is an example of evil worldliness
which the Catholics, Protestants, and Jewish people participated in.  However,
see the listing for 2001.

 .2000  Don Alden Adams became the 6th Watchtower president in late 2000.

  Okay, here's the right Adams.

  2001  Despite the JWs leaders having characterized the United Nations for
decades as the beast of the Book of Revelation:

  "In October of 2001, the Guardian newspaper in Britain broke the story that
the Watchtower Bible and Tract Society had been secretly affiliated with the
United Nations as an NGO for over ten years.  Following a flood of inquiry by
Jehovah's Witnesses, the Watchtower quickly withdrew its membership and released
an official explanation stating that they became an NGO (non-governmental organ-
ization) simply to have access to research materials at the UN headquarters'

  "However, such an explanation does not go nearly far enough in explaining the
seemingly inexplicable.  According to Paul Hoeffel, a UN official, in order to
become recognized by the United Nations as a non-governmental organization, the
applicant must demonstrate "support and respect of the principles of the Charter
of the United Nations and commitment and means to conduct effective information
programmes with its constituents and to a broader audience about UN activities."
(See 1942, 1944, 1945, and 1999.)

  According to Paul Hoeffel, Chief of the NGO Section of the Dept. of Public In-
formation at the UN, the DPI has honored a request from the Watchtower Bible and
Tract Society of New York and terminated the Watchtower's association with it as
of Oct.9, 2001.

  2002  "Jehovah's servants have built up an outstanding record as integrity
keepers.  When put under pressure, they have proved that 'they do not love their
own souls' more than they love Jehovah. (Revelation 12:11)  Wisely, they do not
abandon Christian principles trying to save their present life. (Luke 9:24, 25)
They know that even if they lose their life now because of loyally upholding Je-
hovah's sovereignty, he will reward them by means of the resurrection." ("Wor-
ship the Only True God," 2002, p.89)


  For the recent regard of various governments for the Jehovah's Witnesses, see
the Wikipedia article at the next link.  Most cases regard the freedom of the
followers to proselytize door to door, refuse the medical use of blood for their
children, not participate in certain government activities, etc.--not the manner
in which the JWs leaders affect exclusiveness which leads to their followers'
distinctive practices, and sometimes harm or death, and which is my focus.

  I guess the way my focus relates to what government allows is seen more in the
fact that there isn't a U.S. board that determines if something is true or not--
one that only lets U.S. authors that are true or sincere be published and bans
con men.  If it were otherwise, how would some of the tabloids show up by the
supermarket checkout lines, how would Erich Von Daniken sell books, etc.?

  The same freedom of speech that allows honesty allows lying, even the kind by
JWs leaders affecting exclusiveness that causes harm and death, and, fortunately
for my focus, allows exposes of lying.

  ?It is not persecution for an informed person to expose a certain religion as
being false.? ("The Watchtower," Nov.15, 1963, p.688)


  The JWs leaders have slandered other whole religions on the basis of whatever
bad behavior some showed, such as anti-Semitism.  Though the JWs have had a much
briefer and smaller populated history to show better with, Rutherford could have
shown he had God's guidance about Hitler's propaganda and cruelty when showing
it counted the most instead of agreeing with it to the degree he did with his
various anti-Jewish statements, the Watchtower approval of eugenics, etc., then
blundering his prophet-playing bluster at Adolf Hitler and putting the German
JWs followers into harm's way as shown in the timeline above.  He wasn't really
critical about Hitler's government specifically until Hitler had the JWs tar-
geted, then didn't use a safer strategy and try to get his followers into an-
other underground Christian movement about it because he was too elitist in the
way then went with his act.

  JWs were led to be pro-Zionist, anti-Zionist, and German JWs were led to sign
a letter that pandered to Adolf, then led to spread literature denouncing the
evils of the Nazi movement and ironically ended up in his prison camps, anyway,
with an exaggerated idea of worldliness that the JWs leaders must have gotten
from the world somewhere because it's not required by the book.  It seems kind
of erratic for a claim of JWs leaders being led by the holy spirit.  If the JWs
leaders' holy spirit doesn't tell the future very well or read minds better, at
least he (JWs leaders' version: it) could be a little more consistent.

  Recent JWs Watchtower references to the "Declaration of Facts" are at the bot-
tom of the web page at the next link.

  As mentioned before, the JWs leaders' literature said that it would be a mis-
take to think the "Declaration of Facts" indicated anything anti-Semitic.  And
they want credit for having protected their flock through times of political
trouble (see 1996).


  Subservience unto pain of death

  The idea I take from it to bear on JWs more generally, and on them following
the JWs leaders' blood doctrine in recent years, is the extreme subservience of
the JWs to follow the word of the JWs leaders' erratic guidance, and of follow-
ing it to the point that Nazis were impressed (see the statements by Hoess in
the 1944 section above).  And that's going a ways.

  You have to be a little impressed about it yourself.  That puts the "sheep"
in "sheep," and I don't think people are supposed to put that much "sheep" in
"sheep" unless they're farmers.

  The main reason I bring up the stuff above isn't because I'm an historian
that needs you to think something about 1932-1946.  I'm looking for a JWs leader
indicating they're God's mouthpiece on Earth, so as to be able to guarantee
things, like the JWs leaders' blood doctrine, otherwise not guaranteeable.  But
I see them fumbling in a non-prophet-like way, making some ungodly gaffes, yet
JWs following the JWs leader/Governing Body even unto pain of death.  It's not
because there's anything we can do to protect people that died over half a cen-
tury ago, but I also want to see if there are any parallels between that and a
similar set-up that leads to unnecessary deaths these days.

  About 635 JWs died in the Nazi prison camp fatalities according to the 1974
JWs "Yearbook of Jehovah's Witnesses," p.212.  (Figures differ as shown earli-
er.)  Rutherford taught them to go door to door teaching all human government is
of Satan.  I'd say he used an overdone, Biblically unnecessary, forced "us
against the world" interpretation for which playing prophet badly cost too many
lives and wasn't the best strategy for working against the Nazis in the time and

  Rutherford's Feb.9, 1934 letter to Hitler threatening that he'd send JWs door
to door with tracts criticizing Hitler if Hitler's men didn't stop harassing the
JWs comes to mind as a pivotal cause for JWs being sent to prison camps.  The
Christian concerns could have been utilized otherwise, especially since Hitler
(looking at the bad JWs leaders' prophecy track record and Golden Age medical
announcements or such) called them "quacks."

  Something similar could be said about the JWs leaders playing prophet with an
overdone and unnecessary view of worldliness and Satanic government, therefore
responsible for misguiding followers into the cruel persecution in Malawi (see

  WWII was over a long time ago.  But since then "thousands have died" where
non-blood medical treatment wasn't available and treatment with blood was re-
fused.  An analysis of the verses, such as on pp.12-42, indicates that it's be-
cause the Governing Body played prophet for 144,000 elitism and taught a batch
of forced points that the Bible required someone or their parents to refuse it.

  My sociology teacher once taught that the social group with the least ability
to redress wrongful treatment, and likely to be abused, in the world are chil-
dren (see p.14).  This essay may help you decide what to think if you imagine
you were a kid with parents deciding on medical treatment for you at a hospi-
tal.  Would you rather have them pick freely from the whole range of possibil-
ities for the lowest risk treatment, the interpretation possibilities of the
Bible held in the more common regard, or have your parents fall for the JWs
leaders' forced point ban to pick the lowest risk treatment from an unnecessar-
ily restricted range of possibilities?

  And how cynical is the JWs leaders' stance of playing the prophets of the
144,000 when their teaching methods for distinctive doctrines betray the fact
that they know it's an expensive pretension to play it knowing a higher percent-
age of those kids are going to get the bad luck of the draw?