Glen T. Winstein





12; 14:1-32;,48-53; Num.5:7,8; 18:8-10; and others).  For example, the taint of
the priest's or follower's sin or guilt was transferred to the animal offering,
usually by laying their hand on its head before sacrificing it Ex.29:10; Lev.1:
2-4; 16:21; and others).  A sin offering consecrated the altar annually (Ex.29:
10-14,36,37; 30:1,10; Lev.16:19,33).  Blood from this regularly consecrated al-
tar consecrated the priests or (probably from the altar) helped cleanse and
atone for a leper (Ex.29:19-21; Lev.14:14,25).  A bird's blood, etc., from a
clay pot helped cleanse and atone for a once-diseased house (Lev.14:48-53).

  These sacrifices of animals and ritual blood uses alone didn't atone for all
sin and uncleanness.  Other offerings or ritual agents included: holy anointing
oil (Ex.30:22-33), holy incense (Ex.30:34-38; Num.16:46-50), water (Lev.17:15),
the water of purification mixture (Num.19:1-10,17-19), money (Ex.30:11-16), a
murderer (to atone for the ground they spilled innocent blood on--Num.35:33,34;
Deut.19:10-13; also Gen.9:5,6; Ex.21:28-32), flour (Lev.2; 5:11-13; 6:14-18), a
live bird (Lev.14:1-7,14-53), a scapegoat (Lev.16;7-10,20-22), and others.

  Moreover, animal (etc.) sacrifices alone couldn't atone for some sins which
called for other punishments (Ex.22:1-7; Lev.24:18-21; Deut.25:1-3; and others;
also "cut off from his people" may only have involved execution where death is
clearly stated--see p.42).

  The conservative theology of the need for offerings and sacrifices

  A conservative interpretation of the sacrifices and offerings made for for-
giveness is that since God barred two sinning people, condemned to die, from
the garden of Eden and chose a reproductive method for them that had the con-
sequence of causing all of his subsequent human children to be of inherent sin
and die (all genetic descendants of Adam and Eve, the two sinners who had to